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China Environmental News reporter Xing Feilong
A few days ago, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment announced the rectification of the Sixth Batch of ministerial-level Listing Supervision Issues of "Waste Clearance Action 2018". Eight enterprises and individuals were punished and 21 people were held accountable. The hidden dangers of environmental safety caused by illegal dumping and stockpiling of solid waste along the Yangtze River Economic Zone and along the Yangtze River were eliminated in time and the students along the Yangtze River were effectively prevented. State environment safety risk.
Leading the task with top level design
In 2017, Li Ganjie, Minister of Ecological Environment, pointed out in his report to the Third Session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress that the Office of the Leading Group for the Development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, in conjunction with relevant departments, should work out a plan for large-scale solid waste disposal along the Yangtze River and deploy relevant actions.
In May 2018, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment officially launched a special action to crack down on environmental violations of solid waste (i.e. the "Waste Clearance Action 2018"). A prominent feature of the "Waste Clearance Action 2018" is that it has changed from focusing on macro-policy and top-level design to focusing on both macro-policy and micro-implementation, and has implemented its responsibilities to the grass-roots level through vigorous law enforcement and supervision.
The special action is to thoroughly implement the requirements of the Five-Step Law, find problems and deal with them in a classified way through on-the-spot investigation and verification, supervise and urge local governments to put in place through the implementation of ministerial or provincial listing supervision, and timely patrol and "look back" on the issue of listing supervision, so as to make on-the-spot work ineffective and fail to investigate and deal with environmental violations according to law. If the relevant personnel are not accountable according to the law or regulations, they shall take such measures as interview, special central environmental protection supervision and accountability.
Verification along the river to prevent environmental risks
In Jinshan District of Shanghai, facing the barbed wire fence enclosed by the death of the storage site, the inspectors of the 104th inspection group of "Waste Clearance Action 2018" made a decisive decision and drilled the barbed wire fence from a drain. It was verified that hundreds of tons of industrial slag were stored in the suspicious place. The inspection team immediately handed over the problem to the local government for investigation and handling.
Since May 9, 2018, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has officially launched the "Waste Clearance Action 2018" and 150 inspection teams have been sent to 11 provinces and cities in the Yangtze River Economic Zone to verify the dumping of solid waste in the Yangtze River Economic Zone.
It is understood that the inspection operation sent more than 3000 people to carry out a week-long comprehensive investigation of the coastal cities along the Yangtze River economic belt. The inspection team at the scene inspecting 2796 storage sites and found 1308 problems.
In view of the rectification of the problems found, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment continued to organize and carry out the "Waste Clearance Action 2018" verification in early July. The Ministry of Ecological Environment dispatched 11 inspection teams to check the rectification of 1308 problems one by one according to the four working standards of "cleaning up, tracing to the source, punishment and accountability".
It is reported that the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will continue to expand the scope of action to Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the Yellow River Basin and other regions.
Refuse disposal of solid waste
On the day of the launch of the "Waste Clearance Action 2018", the inspection team checked 372 solid waste storage sites and found problems at 208 sites. The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has implemented ministerial Listing Supervision on 24 prominent issues, and urged local authorities to rectify within a specified period of time. The remaining issues are handled directly by the local government. Two days later, the Ministry of ecology and environment also listed 25 outstanding problems. Subsequently, the Ministry of Ecological Environment interviewed seven municipal governments in Guangzhou, Jiangmen, Dongguan, Lianyungang, Yancheng, Baotou, Inner Mongolia and Wenling, Zhejiang. This is the first time that the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has interviewed local governments on the issue of weak supervision over the disposal of solid and hazardous wastes.
According to statistics, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has successively supervised 111 problems found in the supervision and urged the local authorities to rectify within a time limit. Up to now, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has published 101 ministerial-level Listing Supervision Issues in six batches. The completion rate of the rectification has reached 91%. A number of outstanding environmental problems have been solved, and the potential environmental safety hazards of illegal dumping and storage of solid waste along the Yangtze River economic belt have been eliminated in time.
The "clean up action 2018" has also attracted wide media attention. When the Ministry of Ecology and Environment held a press conference on the progress of the "Waste Clearance Action 2018", dozens of media carried out in-depth reports on it. People's Daily, Xinhua Net, Legal Daily and other mainstream domestic media interpreted it in detail. Local media also reprinted and published articles one after another, forming a good atmosphere of public opinion.
At present, the on-site verification work of "Waste Clearance Action 2018" has been completed, and more than 95% of the problems have been rectified and rectified to meet the supervision requirements. For those who fail to meet the requirements, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will continue to keep a close eye on the progress of rectification and improvement. If rectification is not effective, interviews and accountability will be conducted as appropriate.
Refuse foreign refuse
In July 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Implementing Plan for Improving the Reform of the Management System of Importing Solid Waste by Prohibiting the Entry of Foreign Waste", which marked that China formally said "No" to foreign waste.
In the first half of this year, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment examined and approved in principle the Plan of Action for Fully Implementing the Reform and Implementation of the Management System for Prohibiting the Entry of Foreign Waste to Promote the Import of Solid Waste, the Plan of Action for the Special Supervision of Environmental Illegality in Enterprises Importing Solid Waste Processing and Utilization (2018), and the Plan of Action for the Special Supervision of Waste Incineration. The special action plan for the emission control of the thermal power industry has formulated a detailed operational plan for the special action of restricting the environmental violations of the enterprises that process and utilize imported solid waste, one of the "7 + 4" actions.
In fact, since the publication of the ban on foreign waste in 2017, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has made a number of actions: adjusting the list of imported waste management three times, reducing the types of solid waste from 7 categories 66 to 2 categories 18; revising the environmental protection control standards for imported solid waste that can be used as raw materials; printing and issuing environmental protection for imported waste paper. Provisions on protection and management shall be made to increase the scale requirements of imported waste paper processing enterprises; regulations on environmental protection of imported solid waste which can be used as raw materials shall be issued, and import agents shall be abolished by trading units; a number of solid waste attribute identification agencies shall be recommended; and the "five wastes" recycling industry shall be cleaned up and rectified.
Under the impetus of various measures, China's total ban on entry of foreign garbage has achieved remarkable results. Statistical data show that the actual import volume of solid waste in 2017 dropped by 9.2% year on year; in the first half of 2018, China's import volume of restricted solid waste dropped by 65%; in the first quarter of 2018, the General Administration of Customs investigated 139 cases of smuggling of foreign waste, verified more than 250,000 tons of all types of waste involved, and the ban on foreign waste has been effective. Initial appearance.
Good ecological environment is the inherent requirement for realizing the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the priority area for improving the well-being of the people. In order to further study and implement the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping and the nineteen spirit of the party, we should decide to build a well-off society in an all-round way, strengthen the protection of the ecological environment in an all-round way, make a good fight against pollution prevention and control, improve the ecological civilization and build a beautiful China, and put forward the following opinions.
First, we must have a deep understanding of the situation faced by the protection of the ecological environment.
Since the eighteen Party of the party, the Party Central Committee, taking comrade Xi Jinping as the core, regards the construction of ecological civilization as an important content of promoting the overall layout of the "five in one" and promoting the "four comprehensive" strategic layout as a whole, and plans to carry out a series of fundamental, long-term and pioneering work to promote the construction of ecological civilization and the ecological ring. Environmental protection has undergone historic, turning and global changes from practice to cognition. The departments and departments of all regions should conscientiously implement the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, accelerate the formation of the system of ecological civilization and ecological environment protection, promote the effective promotion of comprehensive conservation of resources, carry out the action plan for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution, and the progress of the protection and repair of the ecological system and the renovation of the major projects, and the nuclear and radiation Security is effectively guaranteed, the construction of ecological civilization is remarkable, and the construction of beautiful China has taken an important step. China has become an important participant, contributor and leader in the construction of the global ecological civilization.
At the same time, China's ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection are faced with many difficulties and challenges, and there are many deficiencies. In some places and departments, the understanding of ecological environmental protection is not in place, the implementation of responsibility is not in place; the contradiction between economic and social development and ecological environment protection is still outstanding, the carrying capacity of resources and environment has already reached or close to the upper limit; the urban and rural areas are not enough, the new and old environmental problems are interwoven, regional, layout, structural environment wind Risk highlights, heavy pollution weather, black and foul water, garbage encircling the city, ecological damage and other problems have occurred frequently. These problems have become an important problem of the people's livelihood and the pain of the people's heart, and become the bottleneck of the sustainable development of the economy and society, and become a clear short board to build a well-off society in an all-round way.
In the new era, the contradiction between the growing needs of the people's growing and the uneven development of the people has put forward many new demands on the protection of the ecological environment. At present, the construction of ecological civilization is in the key period of pressure superposition and heavy load. It has entered a hard period to provide more high-quality ecological products to meet the needs of the growing ecological environment of the people, and also to the window period of conditions to solve the problems of ecological environment. We must intensify our efforts, speed up our administration, step up our efforts to tackle key problems, strike a landmark major campaign, and create a good production and living environment for the people.
Two, carry out the thought of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization
The general secretary of Xi Jinping, inheriting the traditional Chinese culture, complying with the trend of the times and the people's will, stood at the strategic height of insisting and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and deeply answered why the construction of ecological civilization, what kind of ecological civilization was built, and how to build an ecological civilization. The important theoretical and practical problems have formed Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, and have made the historic achievements and historical changes to guide the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of the ecological environment.
Adhere to the ecological prosperity and civilization. Constructing ecological civilization is the fundamental strategy for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. It is of great benefit to the people and the future of the nation.
Adhere to the harmonious symbiosis between man and nature. To protect nature is to protect mankind, and to build ecological civilization is to benefit mankind. We must respect nature, conform to nature, protect nature, protect the ecological environment like the protection of the eyes, treat the ecological environment like life, promote the harmonious development of human and nature, develop a new pattern of modernization, and naturally take tranquility, harmony and beauty.
To adhere to the green mountain is the Jinshan Yinshan. Green hills and green hills are both natural and ecological wealth as well as social wealth and economic wealth. To protect the ecological environment is to protect the productive forces, and to improve the ecological environment is to develop the productive forces. We must adhere to and carry out the concept of green development, balance and deal with the relationship between development and protection, promote the formation of green development and life style, and unswervingly take the road of development, development, rich life and good ecological development.
Adhering to a good ecological environment is the most popular welfare for people. The construction of ecological civilization is closely related to everyone. Environment is the livelihood of the people, Castle Peak is beautiful, and the blue sky is also happiness. We must persist in taking the people as the center, focus on solving the prominent environmental problems that damage the health of the masses, and provide more high-quality ecological products.
Adhere to the landscape forest field Lake grass is the life community. The ecological environment is a unified organic whole. In accordance with the idea of system engineering, the ecological environment management system must be constructed and the environmental capacity and ecological space should be expanded, and the ecological environment protection is carried out in all directions, all regions and the whole process.
We must adhere to the strictest system and the most strict rule of law to protect the ecological environment. To protect the ecological environment, we must rely on the system and the rule of law. It is necessary to build a system of ecological civilization with clear property rights, multiple participation, equal incentive and restraint and complete system, so as to make the system a high pressure line which is rigid and cannot be touched.
We should adhere to the construction of a beautiful China for the whole people. Beautiful China is a common cause shared by the masses. We must strengthen the propaganda and education of ecological civilization, firmly establish the values and codes of conduct of ecological civilization, and turn the construction of beautiful China into a national conscious action.
We should adhere to the construction of a global ecological civilization. The construction of ecological civilization is an important part of building a community of human destiny. We must work together to build an ecological system that respects natural and green development, promote global ecological environment management and build a clean and beautiful world.
The thought of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization provides direction and fundamental compliance to promote the construction of beautiful China and realize the modernization of harmony between man and nature. It must be used to arm the mind, guide the practice and promote the work. We should educate the cadres to strengthen the "Four Consciousness", set up a correct view of political achievements, and put the important task of ecological civilization construction and important tasks to real place, make the good ecological environment become the growing point of the people's happy life, become the support point of the sustainable and healthy development of the economy and society, and become the force point of the good image of our country.
Three, comprehensively strengthen the party's leadership in the protection of the ecological environment.
Strengthening the protection of the ecological environment and resolutely fighting the fight against pollution is a major decision for the party and the state. Party committees and governments at all levels should strengthen the overall design and organizational leadership of the ecological civilization and ecological environment protection, coordinate and coordinate the major issues, guide, promote and urge the various departments of the region to implement the Party Central Committee, Major policies and measures of the State Council.
(1) to carry out the responsibility of the party and the government. We should implement the responsibility system for the construction of leading cadres' ecological civilization and strictly implement party and government responsibilities and responsibilities. Local Party committees and governments at all levels must resolutely carry out the political responsibility of ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection, and have a total responsibility for the ecological environment protection and the quality of the ecological environment in the administrative region. The main responsible person is the first person responsible for the protection of the ecological environment in the administrative region, at least once every quarter to study the ecological environmental protection workers. Other leading members shall assume corresponding responsibilities within the scope of their duties. All localities should formulate a list of responsibilities and decompose the tasks into relevant departments. It is urgent to issue a list of responsibilities for environmental protection of relevant departments of the central and state organs. All relevant departments should fulfil their responsibilities for ecological environmental protection and formulate annual work plans and measures for ecological environmental protection. The implementation of each district and department is reported to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council annually.
We should improve the supervision mechanism of environmental protection. In order to solve the problems of ecological environment, improve the quality of ecological environment and promote the development of high quality, we should improve the supervision system of environmental protection at the central and provincial levels, and strengthen the political responsibility for the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of the ecological environment, and promote the development of environmental protection supervision to a deep level. We will improve the mechanism of supervision, assignment, inspection, interview and special supervision, and carry out special supervision in key areas, areas and industries.
(two) strengthen the examination and accountability. To formulate measures for the assessment of the effectiveness of the party committees, the people's Congress, the government and the relevant departments of the central and state organs for the prevention and control of pollution in the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government), the legislative enforcement of ecological environmental protection, the completion of the annual work objectives, the quality of the ecological environment, the use of funds and the degree of public satisfaction. And other related aspects of the assessment. The detailed rules for the implementation of the assessment are formulated by reference. Carry out the audit of the departure of leading cadres' natural resources assets. The assessment result is an important basis for the comprehensive assessment and evaluation of the leading bodies and leading cadres, and the appointment and removal of rewards and punishments.
Strict responsibility investigation. The Party committee and the government of the provinces and municipalities directly under the central government, as well as the relevant departments of the central and state organs responsible for the protection of the ecological environment, carry out the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council not resolutely and thoroughly, the construction of ecological civilization and the responsibility system for the protection of the ecological environment are not in place, and the task of the prevention and control of pollution pollution is seriously lagged behind. If the regional ecological and environmental problems are prominent, the principal person in charge shall be interviewed, and at the same time, the Party Central Committee and the State Council shall be charged with making a profound inspection. For cities and counties whose annual target tasks have not been fulfilled and whose assessment is not up to standard, the principal responsible persons of the Party and government and members of relevant leading bodies shall not be allowed to give priority to the outstanding ones. Cadres who are responsible for causing serious damage to the ecological environment shall not be promoted or transferred to important posts. In spite of the blind decision of the ecological environment and the development and utilization of the planning and construction projects, the quality of the ecological environment is deteriorated and the ecological damage is seriously damaged, and the ecological environmental events are often high, inadequate, and the masses are strongly reflected, and the responsibility for ecological environment protection is not implemented, buck passing and not completed. According to discipline, strict accountability and lifelong accountability are needed for work tasks.
Four, overall objectives and basic principles
(I) the overall goal. By 2020, the quality of the ecological environment has been improved, the total emission of major pollutants has been greatly reduced, the environmental risk is effectively controlled, and the level of ecological environment protection is compatible with the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
Specific indicators: the national fine particle (PM2.5) level and above urban concentration decreased by more than 18% in 2015, the ratio of high air quality days in urban and above cities reached more than 80%; the proportion of class I to III water body of surface water in the country reached more than 70%, the proportion of inferior V water bodies was less than 5%, and the water quality in coastal waters was excellent. The proportion of (one or two types) reaches about 70%; the emission of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide is reduced by more than 15% in 2015, and the emission of chemical oxygen demand and ammonia is reduced by more than 10%; the safe utilization rate of polluted cultivated land is about 90%, the safe utilization rate of contaminated land reaches more than 90%, and the proportion of raw area protection red line area is about 25%; The forest coverage rate is over 23.04%.
By speeding up the construction of the ecological civilization system, the spatial pattern of saving resources and protecting the ecological environment, the industrial structure, the mode of production and the way of life are formed in 2035, and the quality of the ecological environment is fundamentally improved, and the goal of the beautiful China is basically realized. By the middle of this century, ecological civilization will be upgraded in an all-round way to modernize the national governance system and governance capacity in the field of ecological environment.
(two) basic principles
- uphold the protection of priority. We should implement the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, the hard constraints of the utilization of resources, deepen the structural reform of the supply side, promote the formation of green development mode and way of life, and unswervingly take the road of development of production and development, rich life and good ecological development.
- strengthening problem oriented. In order to improve the quality of the ecological environment as the core, focusing on the characteristics of river basin, region and industry, focusing on the problem, the classification strategy and the precision force, new achievements have been achieved, and the people have more sense of gain.
To highlight reform and innovation. We should deepen the reform of the system and mechanism of ecological environmental protection, make overall consideration and systematic plan, strengthen coordination and integration, combine regional cooperation and strip, strict environmental standards, improve economic policies, strengthen the support of science and technology, and enhance the system, integrity and synergy of ecological environment governance.
- pay attention to supervision by law. We should improve the legal system of ecological environment protection, improve the mechanism of administrative enforcement of ecological environment and the mechanism of criminal justice, and punish the serious punishment of ecological environment and crime according to law.
To promote the common governance of the whole people. The government, enterprises and the public have their own responsibilities and joint efforts. The government actively plays the leading role, and the enterprises take the initiative to undertake the responsibility of the main body of environmental governance, and the public conscientiously practice green life.
Five, promote the formation of green development and lifestyle.
We should adhere to the priority of saving, strengthen the source control, change the way of development, cultivate the new industry, promote the intelligent and clean transformation of the traditional industry, accelerate the development of the energy saving and environmental protection industry, save the energy resources in an all-round way, and promote the high quality development of the economy and the high level protection of the ecological environment.
(1) to promote the development of economic green low-carbon cycle. Planning environmental assessment for key areas, key basins, key industries and industrial distribution, and adjusting and optimizing the industrial layout, scale and structure which are not in line with the function of ecological environment. We must strictly control environmental risk projects in key river basins and key areas. Centralization of state-level new zones, industrial parks and high tech zones will be carried out within a limited time. To speed up the relocation of heavy polluting enterprises and hazardous chemical enterprises in the urban built-up areas and key basins, the relevant urban governments set up a special plan and open to the society by the end of 2018. Promote the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries and build a green industrial chain system. To continue to dissolve excess capacity and strictly prohibit the new production capacity of steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum, flat glass and other industries, it is necessary to implement equal or reduction replacement for the necessary new construction. We will accelerate the relocation and renovation of hazardous chemical production enterprises. We should improve the standards for pollution and emission, and strengthen the elimination of backward production capacity in key industries such as iron and steel, and encourage all localities to formulate a broader and more stringent backward production capacity elimination policy. Build a market-oriented green technology innovation system, and strengthen product life cycle green management. Vigorously develop the energy conservation and environmental protection industry, clean production industry, clean energy industry, strengthen the guidance of scientific and technological innovation, focus on guiding green consumption, and vigorously improve the level of green industry technology and equipment, such as energy conservation, environmental protection, resource recycling and so on, and cultivate a batch of backbone enterprises. We will vigorously develop energy-saving and environmental services, implement contract energy management, contract water-saving management, and actively explore new modes of regional environmental trusteeship services. We should encourage the development of new formats and model innovation. In the industry of energy, metallurgy, building materials, coloured, chemical, chemical, electroplating, papermaking, printing and dyeing, and agricultural and sideline food processing, the clean production transformation or clean transformation will be promoted in an all-round way.
(two) to promote comprehensive conservation of energy resources. We will strengthen the dual control of energy and water resources consumption, construction land and other total and intensive actions, and implement the strictest system of arable land protection, land conservation and water resources management. The national water saving action should be implemented, the formation mechanism of water price is perfected, and the water saving and water-saving cities will be promoted. By 2020, the total water consumption of the country is within 670 billion cubic meters. We should improve the standard system of energy saving, water saving, land saving, timber saving and ore saving, reduce the energy consumption and material consumption of key industries and enterprises, carry out the extension system of producer responsibility, and realize the circulation link of the production system and the living system. We should encourage new buildings to adopt green building materials, vigorously develop fabricated buildings and improve the proportion of new green buildings. Taking the northern heating area as the focal point, we should promote the energy saving reconstruction of existing residential buildings. We should actively respond to climate change and take effective measures to ensure the goal of controlling greenhouse gas emissions in 2020. We will push ahead with the construction of the national carbon emission trading market and deepen low-carbon pilot projects.
(three) guide the public to live green. Strengthen the propaganda and education of ecological civilization, advocate a simple and moderate, green and low carbon lifestyle, and oppose luxury and waste and unreasonable consumption. We should take actions to create green families, green schools, green communities, green shopping malls, green restaurants and so on. Promoting green consumption, introducing new standards for express delivery and sharing economy, and promoting green products such as environmental label products and organic products. Advocate green living, save water and electricity, reasonably control the air conditioning in summer and indoor temperature in winter. We should vigorously develop public transport and encourage green travel such as bicycles and walking.
Six, resolutely win the battle against the blue sky
The three year battle plan of winning the battle against blue sky is planned, and the key areas of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta and the Fen Wei plain are the main battlefields, and the industrial structure, energy structure, transportation structure and land structure are adjusted and optimized, and the joint control of regional defense and heavy pollution weather should be strengthened, and the concentration of PM2.5 is reduced obviously and obviously reduced. The number of days of heavy pollution has significantly improved the quality of atmospheric environment, and significantly enhanced people's happiness in the blue sky.
(1) to strengthen the comprehensive management of air pollution in industrial enterprises. Comprehensive renovation of "scattered pollution" enterprises and clusters, the implementation of trawl type investigation and inventory, ledger, grid management, classified implementation of shutdown, integration and relocation, rectification and promotion, Beijing Tianjin Hebei and the surrounding region before the end of 2018 completed, other key areas before the end of 2019 completed. Enterprises whose land use and industrial and commercial formalities are incomplete and difficult to reach the standards through transformation shall be resolutely closed down, and those enterprises which can be reformed within a specified period of time shall be closed down in accordance with the law. Strengthen the management of non-organized emissions of industrial enterprises, promote the comprehensive control of volatile organic compounds emissions, and carry out pilot projects for the control of atmospheric ammonia emissions. By 2020, the total amount of volatile organic compounds dropped by more than 10% compared to 2015. The key areas and severe air pollution cities will increase the capacity reduction of steel, casting, coking, building materials, electrolytic aluminum and so on, and implement the special emission limits of air pollutants. We should step up efforts to eliminate high and heavy polluting coal and electric power units and accelerate them in key areas. By 2020, all coal-fired power plants with the conditions of transformation have completed ultra low emission transformation, and the high pollution coal fired power plants, which are not qualified in the key areas, are gradually shut down. To promote ultra low emission transformation of steel and other industries.
(two) vigorously promote the control of loose coal and the reduction of coal consumption. We should increase the use of clean energy, broaden the channels for clean energy consumption, and implement the full guaranteed purchasing policy of renewable energy. Safe and efficient development of nuclear power. Promote clean low carbon energy priority Internet access. We should speed up the construction of key transmission corridors and increase the proportion of external transmission in key areas. Adjust measures to local conditions and accelerate the implementation of the five year plan for heating and cleaning in the northern region in winter. Encourage waste heat, shallow geothermal energy and other clean energy to warm up. We should strengthen the comprehensive utilization of coalbed methane (coal mine gas) and implement bio gas projects. By 2020, the plain areas of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the plains of the Fen Wei plain, were basically completed and replaced by winter heating. The total coal consumption in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Henan and the Pearl River Delta decreased by about 10% compared with the 2015, and the total amount of coal consumption in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Fenwei plain decreased by 5% left Right; the key areas basically eliminate coal fired boilers below 35 tons per hour. To promote clean and efficient coal-fired boilers.
(three) do a good job in pollution control of diesel trucks. To carry out special remedies for over-standard emissions of diesel trucks as a grasp, to carry out overall oil, road, vehicle control and motor vehicle and ship pollution prevention and control. We must crack down on illegal activities such as production and sales of vehicles not up to standard, and emission testing agencies for detecting fraud. We should speed up the elimination of old cars and encourage the promotion and use of clean energy vehicles and ships. We will build a vehicle emission monitoring system integrated with "heaven and earth vehicle people" to improve the monitoring network of motor vehicles. We will promote the transfer of goods from highway transportation to railway transportation in key industrial enterprises and industrial parks, such as iron and steel, electric power, electrolytic aluminum and coking. It will significantly increase the proportion of railway and waterway freight for bulk goods in key areas and increase the proportion of container ports in coastal ports. The key areas should implement the six emission standard of motor vehicles ahead of schedule, and strictly implement the atmospheric emission standards for ships and non road mobile machinery. We should encourage the elimination of old ships, construction machinery and agricultural machinery. In the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and the Bohai Beijing Tianjin Hebei sea, the management policy of the ship emission control area is carried out. The port and the port in the main port and the discharge control area are the first to use the shore power in the port. By 2020, the Yangtze River trunk line, the Xijiang shipping main line and the Beijing Hangzhou railway line
Seven, make great efforts to fight green water and defend the war
The action plan of water pollution prevention and control should be carried out in depth, and the long system of Long Lake long system is pushed forward, the pollution reduction and ecological expansion are persisted, the pollution sources of industry, agriculture, living pollution and water ecological system are accelerated, the safety of drinking water is ensured, the black odor water body is eliminated, the heavy water pollution and the non standard water body are reduced.
(1) to strike a good source of water to protect the hard war. Strengthen the whole process management of source water, factory water, pipe network water and terminal water. Delineating centralized drinking water source protection areas and promoting standardized construction. To strengthen the protection of water sources and ecological environment along the south to North Water Transfer Project. We should deepen the prevention and control of groundwater pollution. Comprehensive investigation and renovation of illegal and irregularities in the water source protection areas at the county level and above, the Yangtze Economic Belt was completed before the end of 2018 and before the end of 2019. Emergency water sources or reserve water sources should be built in cities with or above water supply by single source. The quality of centralized drinking water sources, water supply units and water faucets of users is assessed regularly, and the cities at the county level and above are open to the society at least once every quarter.
(two) make good efforts to tackle the black and odorous water in cities. The three year action of "improving quality and efficiency" in urban sewage treatment has been carried out to accelerate the collection and treatment of urban sewage collection and treatment facilities, so as to realize full coverage, full collection and whole treatment of sewage pipe network as soon as possible. In order to improve the charge policy for sewage treatment, all localities should adjust the charge standards for sewage treatment in place as soon as possible. In principle, it should be compensated to the normal operation of sewage treatment and sludge disposal facilities and reasonable profit. The central government should give appropriate support to the central and western regions. We should strengthen the construction of urban early rainwater collection and treatment facilities, and effectively reduce urban non-point source pollution. By 2020, the elimination ratio of black and odorous water in the built-up area above the city level and above reached more than 90%. Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta region should be encouraged to eliminate black and smelly water as soon as possible.
(three) to make a good battle for the Yangtze River Protection and restoration. To carry out the investigation and assessment of ecological hidden dangers and environmental risks in the Yangtze River valley, delimit high-risk areas and strictly implement measures to prevent and control ecological environment risks. We should optimize the industrial layout and scale of the Yangtze River economic belt, and strictly prohibit the transfer of polluting industries and enterprises to the upper and middle reaches. The municipal and county governments have formulated and implemented the plan of reaching the standard within a specified period of time. By 2020, the water quality of the Yangtze River Basin was basically eliminated. To strengthen the prevention and control of pollution in ships and ports, all the existing ships have completed the renovation of the standard by 2020, and the sanitation facilities and sewage treatment facilities of the port, ship repair plant and sewage treatment facilities are included in the planning of urban facilities construction. We should strengthen the ecological protection along rivers and lakes, repair wetlands and other aquatic ecosystems, and build a constructed wetland water purification project according to local conditions. The joint operation of reservoirs in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River Basin should be implemented to ensure the basic ecological water consumption of main streams, main tributaries and lakes.
(four) to make a good fight against the comprehensive harnessing of Bohai. The comprehensive regulation of estuaries and bays in the Bohai Sea area should be promoted with emphasis on the Bohai Bay, Liaodong Bay, Laizhou Bay, Liaohe Estuary and Yellow River Estuary. We should comprehensively renovate pollution sources into the sea, standardize the installation of sewage outlets and clean up illegal sewage outlets. We must strictly control marine pollution caused by mariculture and promote the prevention and cleaning of marine garbage. Taking the lead in implementing the total amount control system of major pollutants discharged to the sea in the Bohai Sea, strengthening joint prevention and control of land and sea pollution, and strengthening the control and supervision of rivers entering the sea. The most stringent reclamation and shoreline development and control should be implemented, and the marine space utilization activities should be arranged as a whole. Bohai prohibits the examination and approval of the new reclamation projects and guides the resources of reclamation in accordance with the national industrial policy. The projects that have been approved but not started should be re evaluated and cleaned up according to law.
(five) do a good job in tackling key problems in agricultural and rural pollution control. Taking the construction of beautiful and livable villages as the guide, we will continue to carry out the rural human settlements environmental improvement actions, and realize the full coverage of the national administrative village environmental improvement. By 2020, the living environment in the rural areas has been obviously improved, the environment of the village is basically clean and orderly, the quality of the living environment in the eastern region and the central and western cities of the central and western cities has been improved completely, and the long-term mechanism of the management and protection is initially established. The region with a good foundation and the basic conditions in the central and western regions will strive to achieve about 90%. The village domestic waste has been treated, and the sanitary toilet has been popularized to about 85%. To reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, to revise and strictly enforce the quality standards of agricultural inputs, such as chemical fertilizers and pesticides, to strictly control the use of high toxic and high risk pesticides, to promote organic manure substitute chemical fertilizers, green and pest control alternative chemical control and waste membrane recycling, and to improve the recycling and treatment system of waste film and packaging waste. By 2020, the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has increased by zero. Adhere to the combination of planting and breeding, and use livestock and poultry waste locally. The rational layout of aquaculture space, the in-depth promotion of aquatic health aquaculture, the key river lake reservoir and key coastal waters to destroy the ecological environment of the comprehensive regulation of the ecological environment. By 2020, the comprehensive utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure in China will reach over 75%, and the matching rate of equipment and facilities for manure treatment in large-scale farms will reach over 95%.
Eight, push forward the battle of net soil in a solid way
The plan of action for the prevention and control of soil pollution will be implemented in an all-round way, highlighting key areas, industries and pollutants, and effectively controlling soil environmental risks in agricultural and urban construction land.
(1) strengthening control and remediation of soil pollution. To strengthen the classification and management of soil environment in cultivated land. We must strictly control and control heavy pollution farmland and strictly prohibit the cultivation of edible agricultural products in heavily polluted farmland. We will carry out major projects for the protection of cultivated land soil environment and carry out investigation and renovation of heavy metals industries in key areas. Before the end of 2018, the soil pollution situation of agricultural land was investigated. Before the end of 2020, the soil environmental quality classification list of arable land was compiled. The list of risk management and restoration of soil pollution in construction land is set up, and the land which has been listed in the list and not completed the remediation can not be used as a residential, public management and public service land. The supervision mechanism of the linkage of contaminated land is set up, the land environment management requirements of the construction land are included in the land use planning and the land supply management, the land access is strictly controlled, and the risk control and control of the temporary non polluted land are strengthened. Before the end of 2020, we completed the investigation of soil pollution in key industries and enterprises. We should strictly supervise the environmental supervision of demolition activities during the relocation and transformation of key polluting industries.
(two) to accelerate the classification of garbage. By 2020, all urban and county municipal solid waste disposal capacity was fully covered, and the informal garbage disposal sites were basically completed; municipal, planned cities, provincial capital cities and the first batch of classification and demonstration cities had basically completed the classification treatment system for domestic waste. We should promote the utilization of waste resources and vigorously develop waste incineration for power generation. We will promote the on-site classification, resource utilization and disposal of rural garbage, and establish a network system for the collection, transformation and utilization of rural organic waste.
(three) to strengthen the prevention and control of solid waste pollution. A comprehensive prohibition of foreign refuse entry, severe smuggling, a substantial reduction in the type and quantity of solid waste import, and the basic realization of zero import of solid waste by the end of 2020. We will carry out a pilot project of "no waste cities" to promote the utilization of solid wastes. To investigate and assess the production, storage, utilization and disposal of hazardous wastes in key industrial sectors. Perfect the management system of hazardous waste management permission and transfer, establish an information-based supervision system, enhance the ability of hazardous waste treatment and disposal, and implement the whole process supervision. We must crack down on illegal and illegal activities such as illegal transboundary transfer and dumping of hazardous wastes. We will further promote solid waste investigation activities in the Yangtze River economic belt. To assess the risk of toxic and harmful chemicals in the ecological environment, strictly restrict the production, use, import and export of high-risk chemicals, and gradually eliminate and replace them.
Nine, expediting ecological protection and restoration
We should give priority to natural restoration, carry out national ecological protection and restoration as a whole, fully delimit and strictly observe the red line of ecological protection, and improve the quality and stability of ecosystems.
(1) to delimit and strictly abide by the red line of ecological protection. According to the principle that the ecological function is important and the ecological environment is sensitive and fragile, the red line of ecological protection should be included. By 2020, the national ecological protection red line has been fully completed and the exploration and demarcation calibration is completed, and the national "one map" of the red line of ecological protection is formed to realize an important ecological space of the red line control. The management measures for the red line of ecological protection, the protection and restoration scheme, the construction of the national ecological protection red line supervision platform, and the monitoring, warning and assessment of the red line of ecological protection are carried out.
(two) resolutely investigate and deal with ecological destruction. By the end of 2018, the local governments at the county level and above conducted a comprehensive investigation of illegal and illegal activities to occupy the ecological space and destroy the natural relics, and set up a plan for governance and restoration and to the public. We should carry out special rectification of dangerous dangerous tailings reservoirs and "overhead Storehouses". We will continue to carry out special operations for supervision and inspection of the "Green Shield" nature reserve, seriously investigate and punish all kinds of illegal and irregularities, and carry out rectification and rehabilitation within a time limit.
(three) establishing a natural conservation system with national parks as the main body. By 2020, the National Nature Reserve limits and boundary limits were completed, and a batch of national parks were set up, and the relevant regulations and management systems of natural reserves were basically established. In the area of serious ecological degradation, the management of closure was carried out, the farmland was returned to forest and grass, the grassland was retreated and the grass was returned, the pilot of the rotation of cropland was expanded, and the system of grassland grazing and livestock balance was carried out in an all-round way. In accordance with the law, we should solve the problem of reasonable withdrawal of mining rights in natural protected areas. We should comprehensively protect natural forests, promote desertification, rocky desertification and comprehensive control of soil erosion, and strengthen the protection and restoration of wetlands. We will strengthen the management of fishing moratoriums and fishing bans, promote the prohibition and restriction of fishing in key waters such as the Yangtze River and the Bohai Sea, strengthen the construction of marine pastures, and increase the proliferation and release of fishery resources. Promote arable land, grassland, forests, rivers, lakes and oceans to recuperate.
Ten, reform and improve the ecological environment governance system
We should deepen the reform of the management system of ecological environmental protection, improve the management system of the ecological environment, speed up the construction of the ecological environment management system, improve the safeguard measures, strengthen the system and integrity, and greatly enhance the governance capacity.
(1) to improve the regulatory system of the ecological environment. We should integrate and disperse the responsibilities of ecological environmental protection, strengthen the unified supervision of ecological protection and remediation and pollution control, establish and improve the system of leadership and management of ecological environment protection, the system system of combining incentives and constraints, and the public governance system of the government enterprises. We will comprehensively complete the reform of the vertical management system for monitoring, supervising and enforcing the law in eco-environmental institutions below the provincial level, and promote the capacity-building of comprehensive law enforcement teams, especially grass-roots ones. We should improve the system of rural environmental governance. We should improve the ecological environment management system in the area of regional basin, promote the pilot of environmental protection agencies across the region, speed up the establishment of environmental supervision and law enforcement agencies in the basin, and set up regulatory agencies in the sea area. Establish an independent and efficient and efficient ecological environment monitoring system, build an integrated ecological environment monitoring network, realize the national and regional ecological environment quality forecast, early warning and quality control, and accelerate the work according to the requirements of appropriate environmental quality monitoring. The provincial Party committees and governments have accelerated the determination of the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, the use of resources on the line, and set up an ecological environment access list. It should not break through and reduce the standards in the local legislation, policy formulation, planning and supervision, and do not conform to the adjustment before the end of 2020. Implementing the unified supervision of the ecological environment. The system of compensation for damage to the ecological environment is carried out. We should compile a plan for ecological environmental protection, carry out the assessment of the ecological environment of the whole country, and establish a comprehensive monitoring platform for the protection of the ecological environment. Promoting the demonstration of ecological civilization and building green water and green hills are the activities of the innovation base construction of Jinshan Yinshan.
Strict ecological environment quality management. The quality of the ecological environment can only be better and can not be deteriorated. The quality of the ecological environment should be kept stable and continuously improved; the municipal and county governments in the areas where the quality of the ecological environment is not up to the standard should be set up and implemented by the end of 2018, and put on record to the higher government and open to the society. To accelerate the implementation of pollutant discharge permit system, carry out whole process management and multi pollutant co control on fixed source of pollution, issue emission permits according to industry, region and time limit, fully implement the responsibility of enterprise pollution control, and strengthen the supervision and punishment after the certificate. The Yangtze River Economic Belt took the lead in implementing the river pollution source discharge, sewage outfall discharge and water quality linkage management. In 2020, the sewage permit system was established as the core system of the environmental management of fixed sources, so as to achieve "one certificate" management. We should improve environmental credit evaluation, mandatory disclosure of information, and severely punish heavy penalties. The enterprise environment credit information is brought into the national credit information sharing platform and the national enterprise credit information public display system, and it is publicized to the society through the "credit China" website and the national enterprise credit information public display system. Supervise market entities such as listed companies and bond issuing enterprises to disclose environmental information in a comprehensive, timely and accurate manner. Establish a cross department joint reward and punishment mechanism. We should improve the coordination mechanism of national nuclear safety work and strengthen the coordination of nuclear safety work.
(two) improve the economic policy system of ecological environment protection. Capital investment has been tilted against pollution prevention and control. We must adhere to investment and tackle tough tasks and increase financial input. Gradually establish a regular and stable financial investment mechanism. Expanding the scope of pilot cities in northern China where the central government financially supports clean heating, state-owned capital should invest more in pollution prevention and control. We should improve the pricing mechanism and subsidy policy of heating and consumption of electricity for residents. To increase the transfer payment of central finance to key ecological functional areas, ecological protection red line areas and other important areas, and continue to arrange the investment in the central budget to support the key ecological function areas. Each province (autonomous region and municipality directly under the central government) reasonably determines the compensation standard and gradually raises the level of compensation. We should improve policies such as price, finance, taxation and investment to help green industries develop. Vigorously develop green credit, green bonds and other financial products. The national green development fund is set up. We should implement the price policy conducive to resource conservation and ecological environmental protection, and implement relevant preferential tax policies. This paper studies the preferential policy of income tax on third enterprises engaged in pollution prevention and control, and studies and introduces the incentive policy of comprehensive management of "scattered and dirty" enterprises. We should promote the development of environmental pollution liability insurance and establish a compulsory liability insurance system for environmental pollution in the field of environmental high risk. We should promote the governance and protection of the socialized ecological environment. The government and social capital cooperation projects are standardized by direct investment, investment subsidies and operating subsidies, and the level of public finance payment is linked to the performance of the environmental performance contract service projects implemented by the government. We encourage the implementation of ecological environment management and protection through the government's purchase of services.
(three) to improve the rule of law system of ecological environment protection. We must rely on the rule of law to protect the ecological environment and enhance the awareness of the rule of law in the whole society. We should accelerate the establishment of a legal system and policy orientation for green production and consumption. Laws and regulations on the prevention and control of soil pollution, the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, the protection of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River, the protection of the marine environment, the National Park, the wetland, the monitoring of the wetland, the ecological environment, the discharge permit, the comprehensive utilization of resources, the space planning, the management of carbon emission trading and so on are accelerated. Local governments should be encouraged to legislate ahead of the country in the field of environmental protection. We should establish an information sharing system for comprehensive law enforcement organs, public security organs, procuratorial organs and judicial organs for the protection of ecological environment.
(four) strengthen the protection system of the ability to protect the ecological environment. We should strengthen scientific and technological support, carry out scientific research on the cause and control of air pollution, control and control of water pollution, control and control of soil pollution, and carry out major projects of comprehensive environmental governance in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and promote the study of regional and watershed ecological environment problems. The second national census of pollution sources was completed. We will carry out monitoring and early warning of big data applications and environmental carrying capacity. To carry out environmental and health surveys in key areas, basins and industries, and establish risk monitoring network and risk assessment system. We will improve the cross-sectoral and cross-regional coordination mechanism for environmental emergency response and establish a unified national electronic record system for environmental emergency preparedness. The state establishes an information warehouse for environmental emergency supplies, and the provincial and municipal governments build an environmental emergency material reserve, and the emergency equipment and reserves of the enterprise environment should be included in the reserve system. We should implement the requirements for strict administration of the party and build a standardized, standardized and professionally qualified personnel for ecological environment protection, and build the Iron Army of ecological environment protection with strong political, high skills, hard work style and dares to bear hardships, especially to fight and dedicate especially to the ecological environment. Provincial, municipal, county and township levels should be equipped with the corresponding work force to ensure the performance of their duties, and to ensure that they are matched with the task of ecological environment protection. We should strengthen international exchanges and capacity building, promote international technical and practical cooperation in the protection of ecological environment, support nuclear safety and nuclear power to go out together, and actively promote the implementation of the sustainable development agenda in 2030 and the construction of green "along the road".
(five) building a social action system for protecting the environment. The ecological environment protection should be brought into the training system of the national education system and the leading cadres of the party and government, and the construction of the ecological environment education facilities and places in the country and all over the country will be promoted, and the ecological culture is cultivated and popularized. Public institutions, especially party and government organs, take the lead in using energy-saving and environmental protection products, promote green offices and create conservation oriented organs. We should improve the mechanism of news release for ecological environment and give full play to the functions of various media. The provincial and municipal levels should rely on party newspapers, television stations and government websites to highlight the environmental problems and report the progress of rectification. Establish a mechanism for preventing and resolving environmental and social risks in government and enterprises. We should improve the system of environmental information disclosure, strengthen the disclosure of information on major environmental emergencies, and make timely and voluntary disclosure of major projects involving the vital interests of the masses. By the end of 2020, qualified environmental protection facilities and municipal sewage and garbage treatment facilities in Prefecture-level and above cities will be open to the public for public visits. In order to strengthen the responsibility of the polluters, enterprises should strictly abide by the law, standardize their own environmental behavior, and carry out the responsibility of capital input, material guarantee, ecological environment protection measures and emergency disposal main body. To implement a comprehensive emission plan for industrial pollution sources. By the end of 2018, all the key pollutant discharge units will install automatic online monitoring equipment and connect with the competent departments of ecological environment to publish the pollutant discharge information according to law. By 2020, the monitoring of the sewage outlets of the Yangtze River Economic Belt will be fully covered, and the monitoring data will be incorporated into the comprehensive information platform of the Yangtze River economic belt. Promote the healthy development of environmental protection social organizations and volunteers, guide environmental protection social organizations to carry out environmental protection public interest litigation and other activities according to law. In accordance with the relevant provisions of the state, we commend the units and individuals who have made remarkable achievements in protecting and improving the ecological environment. We should improve public oversight and reporting feedback mechanisms, protect the legitimate rights and interests of whistleblowers, and encourage the establishment of award-winning reporting funds.
New ideas lead the new era, new mission opens up new journey. Let us unite more closely together around the Central Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, guided by the socialist ideology of the Chinese characteristics of the new era of Xi Jinping, not forgetting the initial heart, keeping in mind the mission, making enterprising and brave, Comprehensively Strengthening the protection of the ecological environment, making a firm fight against the pollution prevention and control, and making a complete completion of the final victory. The Chinese dream of the Kang society and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has been unremitting efforts.
(source: Ministry of ecology and environmental protection)
The general office of the provincial government recently issued the opinions on Further Strengthening the management of "waste oil". "Opinions" pointed out that actively promote the kitchen waste comprehensive utilization of resources, "Lanzhou mode" experience. In accordance with the principle of replicability and popularization, we will strive to realize the comprehensive collection, transportation and disposal of kitchen waste and "gutter oil" in the whole province. (related reports see January 10th Lanzhou daily six Edition)
Ditch oil intake will cause significant harm to the human body, mild abdominal pain and diarrhea, long-term consumption will lead to developmental disorders, intestinal cancer, gastric cancer and so on. In recent years, various regions and departments concerned have intensified their efforts to renovate the "waste oil" and achieved notable results. However, the long term mechanism of "waste oil" comprehensive management has not yet been effectively established, and crimes still occur frequently.
Sports assault inspection is an important means of harnessing "gutter oil": the government departments act in a unified manner to remove the black hole of recycling and refining "gutter oil". Although this "encirclement and suppression" type of centralized rectification has achieved immediate results, it is difficult to get out of the strange circle of "one tube is effective, one loose is overflowing". Practice has proved that it is very important to eliminate the waste oil flowing to the dining table and carry out comprehensive management. No matter when and where, efforts to crack down on "waste oil" can not be reduced.
Nowadays, the "Lanzhou mode" of comprehensive utilization of food waste has accumulated a lot of valuable experience. In recent years, the whole transportation system of food and kitchen waste in Lanzhou has effectively guaranteed the problem of food safety of urban residents, put an end to the illegal channels of kitchen waste oil to the illegal channels, and made great breakthroughs in the treatment of "gutter oil" and "swill pigs", and more important is to reduce the pollution and harm to the environment and make the ecological environment of the city hold. Continue to improve. We still have a lot of follow-up work to do when the "waste oil" treatment industry is extended to the stage of equipment manufacturing. This time, the government office of the provincial government issued the "implementation of the opinion" is not only clear the focus of governance and promotion, but also for the "gutter oil" problem of governance points out a vision, is expected to condense social co governance, radical radical cure of the "gutter oil" problem, to ensure the safety of the food and beverage of the people.
Even if we have a series of comprehensive policies and measures, we must not forget that it is everyone's duty to govern "waste oil". Everyone should change unhealthy eating habits, eat more or less, eat less fried food, and really do not waste at the table. We should also fully understand the harm of the "gutter oil" to the human body, and form the atmosphere of the whole society to eradicate the "gutter oil", so that the illegal elements can not find the "gap" to carry out the illegal behavior.
In short, as long as the policy of comprehensive management and efforts to promote the determination, I believe that the "gutter oil" problem will be thoroughly addressed.
The national development and Reform Commission recently announced the "opinions on innovation and improvement in promoting the price mechanism of green development" (reform and price regulation  943). It is pointed out that the charging mechanism for solid waste disposal should be improved. By the end of 2020, the charging system for domestic waste disposal has been established in cities and towns across the country. At the same time, we should explore the establishment of charging system for rural garbage disposal.
In July 2nd, the State Development and Reform Commission held a special press conference to introduce the work on "innovation and improvement to promote the price mechanism for green development" and to answer questions from reporters.
Source: National Development and Reform Commission, Polaris environmental protection network
Good morning, everyone, media friends. Welcome to the national development and Reform Commission's special press conference. Green development is a topic of concern to everyone. In recent years, the development of green is promoted through price leverage. In this respect, the national development and Reform Commission has done a lot of work and made positive progress.
But in the new situation, we still have a lot of work to do in terms of the growing demand for beautiful ecological environment. In order to carry out the spirit of the national ecological environment protection conference, recently, we have issued the opinion on the innovation and improvement of the green development price mechanism.
In the opinion, two time nodes are proposed:
First, the price mechanism and price policy system that will benefit green development will be basically formed in 2020.
The two is to establish a relatively perfect green development price mechanism by 2025. In response to the above objective requirements, the "opinions" clearly defined the direction of deepening the reform of resources and environment prices, and put forward a package of policy measures. In order to make it easier for you to understand the information of the opinion, I am very pleased to invite my colleague, Mr. Yue Xiuhu, director of the price division, Ms. Niu Yubin and Mr. Zhou Banxue, the deputy director of the price division, to invite them to attend the conference, to introduce the information and to answer the issues of concern.
First of all, I would like to invite Mr. Yue to introduce the background of the "opinion".
Good morning, friends of the media. Thank you for your concern and support for our work for a long time. Welcome to today's press conference. Let me first introduce the general situation of the "opinions on innovation and improvement in promoting green development price mechanism".
First, the introduction of "opinion" is an important measure to implement the Party Central Committee and the State Council on strengthening the construction of ecological civilization and promoting the decision and deployment of green development in an all-round way.
The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the use of market means and price mechanism to promote green development. At the national ecological environment protection conference, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the construction of ecological civilization in China is in the key period of pressure superposition and heavy load, and it has entered a hard period to provide more quality ecological products to meet the needs of the people's growing and beautiful ecological environment, and also has the ability to solve the ecological environment. The window period of the outstanding problems in the field;
It is emphasized that we should make full use of the market means, promote the market process of ecological environment protection, improve the price mechanism of the resource and environment, and bring the cost of the ecological environment into the economic operation cost.
Premier Li Keqiang also stressed the need to improve the mechanism of diversified environmental protection investment and speed up the development of a price policy that is conducive to promoting green development. In order to carry out the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, we have acted quickly and made this "opinion" on the basis of in-depth investigation and extensive listening to all aspects of the opinion.
Second, the policy measures proposed in the opinion are not only a complement to the existing green price policy, but also a reform and innovation of the price mechanism in related fields.
In recent years, I have done a lot of work in promoting green development by means of price, and have been well received by all sectors of society. For example, environmental protection electricity price policy, industrial and commercial differential water use price policy, resident ladder price system, north area clean heating price policy, renewable energy generation price policy, comprehensive reform of agricultural water price, etc., guide the improvement of water resources, sewage treatment fees and garbage disposal fees, and reduce pollution. It has played an active role in discharging, protecting the ecological environment, saving energy and resources, and promoting the adjustment of energy structure and industrial structure.
In the paper, on the one hand, on the one hand, according to the change of the situation and the need of development, we have supplemented and perfected the measures that proved effective in practice and absorbed the opinions.
On the other hand, in view of the new requirements of strengthening the ecological environment protection and promoting green development, some new policies and measures are put forward on the basis of summing up the exploration and innovation in various parts of the country. More than half of the measures put forward by the opinion are policy innovations.
For example, the establishment of the differential fee mechanism for sewage discharge, the improvement of the incentive mechanism for the classification and reduction of municipal solid waste, as well as the electricity price support policy to promote the development of the environmental protection industry.
Third, the "opinions" clearly defined the direction, principles and major measures to deepen the reform of resources and environment prices.
There are still some problems in the price mechanism of resources and environment compared with the urgent need to fight pollution control and the increasingly beautiful ecological environment of the people.
For example, the price of resources and environment can not fully reflect the degree of resource scarcity, ecological value and the cost of environmental damage. The price mechanism which is beneficial to the incentive and restraint of resources saving and ecological environment protection is not perfect.
Therefore, the opinion clearly puts forward that it is necessary to speed up the establishment and improvement of the resource and environment price mechanism that can fully reflect the market supply and demand and the scarcity of resources, reflect the ecological value and the cost of environmental damage, and improve the price policy which is beneficial to the promotion of green development, and bring the cost of the ecological environment into the economic operation cost, and pry more society. Capital enters the field of ecological environment protection, promotes the conservation of resources, the protection of the ecological environment and the prevention and control of pollution, and promotes the formation of the spatial pattern, industrial structure, production mode and life style of green development. This is the basic orientation to promote the reform of the price mechanism of resources and environment.
At the same time, the "opinions" clarified the basic principles that should be adhered to in innovating and improving the price mechanism for promoting green development.
One is to adhere to the problem oriented. Many measures of the opinion are focused on the problems of urban black and smelly water treatment, agricultural and rural pollution control, air pollution control and other ecological environment.
The two is to pay for the polluters. It is to realize the internalization of the ecological environment cost by improving the price mechanism of the resource and environment, so that the polluter and the user will pay the cost, so that the protector and the conservationists can get the reasonable income.
The three is to adhere to the incentive and constraint. Through the price mechanism to regulate the distribution of interests, in line with the requirements of green development, it is bound to encourage and violate the requirements of green development, and further stimulate the whole society to save energy resources and protect the endogenous driving force of the ecological environment.
Four is to adhere to the classification of the policy. As we all know, the actual differences in various parts of the country are relatively large. On the premise of adhering to the direction and principles of the state, we should encourage and support local practice to formulate relevant policies. The price policy of promoting green development involves a wide range of aspects. In the opinion, 16 measures are put forward mainly from 4 aspects, such as improving the charging policy of sewage treatment, improving the charging mechanism of solid waste treatment, establishing the price mechanism for saving water, and improving the electricity price mechanism to promote energy conservation and environmental protection.
In the next step, our committee will carry out Xi Jinping's ecological civilization in depth. In accordance with the national ecological environment protection conference, we will carry out the "opinion" as an important hand, urge all localities to accelerate the improvement of the price policy in favor of green development, and make new contributions to the promotion of green development and the construction of ecological civilization.
I briefly introduce here.
Below, welcome the reporter's friend to ask questions.
You mentioned that green development has good practices and good examples. Can you give more details about this?
Thank you for your question. I would like to give you a few examples of the air pollution control and water conservation that we are all concerned about.
First, the classic case of promoting green and clean development with price policy.
It is the environmental protection price policy of coal-fired generating units.
As we all know, 70% of the power generation in China is coal-fired power generation, reducing the emission of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and smoke dust from coal-fired units, which is an important way to improve the quality of air. Since 2004, I have promulgated policies on environmental protection, such as desulfurization, denitration, and ultra low emission. Specifically, the implementation of desulphurization, denitration, dust removal and transformation unit price, 2.7 degrees per kilowatt hour increase.
The new unit with ultra-low emission has been increased by 5 yuan, and the old unit has increased 1 cents. This policy strongly supports the transformation of coal-fired units. According to the statistics of the environmental protection department, the ultra-low emission and energy saving transformation of coal-fired units have brought very good results. The total emission of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and smoke dust in the main pollutants in the country has been reduced by 22%, 25% and 11% respectively.
The emission of sulfur dioxide has been reduced from 6.36 grams per kilowatt hour in 2005 to 0.39 grams, and the emission of nitrogen oxides dropped from 3.62 grams per kilowatt per kilowatt hour in 2005 to 0.36 grams per degree, which is very large, so the effect of the policy is very significant, and it is very recognized in all aspects.
Second, the price policy of clean heating in the northern region has been implemented since last year.
Everyone knows that coal heating is one of the important factors that cause fog and haze. Last year, the policy was made in accordance with the principle of sustainable enterprises and residents' sustainability. Policy combination, including the policy of the electricity price of the peak and valley on the Internet, including the reform of the transmission and distribution price, and the direct transaction of renewable energy, including the direct transaction of renewable energy, was also included. The price policy of "coal to gas" and "coal to electricity" and the price policy of heating are actually to reduce the cost of cleaning and heating in the north, and help the residents, especially the rural residents, to realize the clean heating with lower cost, and strongly support the clean heating and heating transformation in the northern areas.
For example, "coal to electricity", the general set up a 10 thousand degree preferential electricity quota, which is used for heating the whole heating season 10 thousand degrees. The electricity price is 0.35 yuan per kilowatt hour and the price ladder policy is not implemented. Compared with the current step price tariff, the 10 thousand degree electricity can save 2 thousand yuan.
The third example is to promote the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price. We may be familiar with this matter because it has been implemented for several years.
Agricultural water accounts for more than 60% of the total water consumption in China, and the effective utilization coefficient of agricultural irrigation water is 0.542. Compared with 0.7 and 0.8 in developed countries, there is a big gap. Our agricultural water saving space is still very large. According to the decision of the State Council, we will work with the relevant departments to promote the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price in the guidance of the relevant departments, and promote the work by a series of measures, such as the supporting of the project, the innovation of management, the adjustment of the price, the award of the finance, the optimization of the structure and so on.
From the practical effect, the water saving in the reform area is 110 cubic meters per mu, and the irrigation cycle has been shortened by 20%, that is to say, the effect is still very obvious. At present, this work has been carried out in the whole country, and by the end of last year, 52 million mu of the whole country had carried out this reform.
In the implementation of the entire price policy, there are still many good experiences. Time relationship, I briefly introduce a few cases to you, if you need more materials, you can contact us after the meeting. Thank you.
Daily economic news reporter:
Sewage treatment is a topic of concern. Now many cities are promoting the upgrading of sewage treatment, and sewage treatment is also popularizing to rural and township. What policy does "opinion" have in supporting sewage treatment?
Ask the director of the ox.
Let me answer the question. Urban sewage treatment fee is a fee paid by the polluters, which is paid by the drainage units and individuals for the construction, operation and disposal of sewage disposal facilities in cities and towns. It should be said that in recent years, the development of sewage treatment industry in China is relatively fast.
In general, the city has already set up a comprehensive system of sewage treatment, and the cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal has been basically covered in most of the cities. But there are some problems:
One is that with the improvement of environmental protection standards, all places are improving the standards of environmental protection, the cost of sewage treatment in enterprises is rising, and the cost of sewage treatment is difficult to meet the higher standard.
Two, the construction of sewage treatment facilities in rural and rural areas is still lagging behind, the collection rate of sewage treatment is not high, the fee system for sewage treatment is not fully established, which is not conducive to the governance of the rural human settlement environment.
Three, according to the current policy, the concentration of pollutants in the sewage discharged by different enterprises in the same area is different, but the same charge policy and charge standard are carried out. The first is not conducive to the promotion of sewage pretreatment before the sewage, and the second is not conducive to fair competition. This needs to further improve the sewage treatment charge policy. In view of the above problems, the opinions adhere to the problem orientation and put forward the following five aspects of policy initiatives:
First, establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for urban sewage charges. Considering the actual situation in most areas, it is clear that the principle of making water treatment fee standard is to compensate the operation cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal facilities, and make a reasonable profit. However, it does not include the operation cost of sewage collection and transportation network, and clearly defines the price and financial cost sharing mechanism. It is clear that a regular assessment and dynamic adjustment mechanism should be established to ensure the normal operation and healthy development of sewage treatment enterprises. The specific time limit is specified. It is required that the standard of urban sewage treatment fee and sewage treatment service fee will be roughly the same before the end of 2020.
The two is to establish a differentiated charging mechanism for sewage discharge. According to the situation that the sewage discharge concentration is different but the same charge standard is carried out, we have popularized some local practices to encourage the local government to carry out the differential charge policy according to the types, concentration and environmental credit rating of the main pollutants in the wastewater. That is to implement high pollution, high fees, low pollution and low fees, so that enterprises can be pretreated and reduce pollutant discharge from the source. There is a clear requirement that the industrial park should take the lead in implementing this policy.
The three is to establish a charging mechanism that is compatible with the standards of sewage treatment. With the severe environmental protection situation, more stringent environmental standards have been introduced in various places. The opinion clearly shows that the discharge standard of sewage treatment has been raised to the national level A emission standard, or in some places, more stringent local standards have been implemented to support the corresponding improvement of sewage treatment fees.
It is also emphasized that more strict requirements and higher standards should be put forward in the provinces along the Yangtze River economic belt, the protection areas of water sources, the polluted areas of groundwater, the areas of water pollution, and the sensitive areas of water pollution, especially the bad V water bodies and the source of the pollution sources of the city's black and smelly water bodies.
Four is to explore the establishment of sewage treatment fee payment system. In the rural areas which have already built the sewage centralized treatment facilities, it is necessary to explore the system of paying for the payment of farmers, to strengthen the awareness of the farmers' environmental protection, and to help improve and control the living environment in the rural areas.
Five, we should improve the marketization mechanism of urban sewage treatment service charges. Just mentioned sewage treatment fees, and now there are sewage treatment services, now sewage treatment costs are two lines of revenue and expenditure, drainage units and individuals to pay sewage treatment fees, the full payment of the financial, and the finance through the government purchase service to sewage treatment enterprises to pay sewage treatment services.
Promote public, transparent and reasonable sewage treatment service standards through public market competition, such as bidding and bidding, and encourage the packaging and bidding of sewage treatment projects in different regions, different scales and different profit levels in urban and rural areas, and promote urban, town, and rural sewage treatment through the way of fat and thin. Balanced development, breaking the current urban project break the head, rural project few people ask for the dilemma.
On the one hand, the above measures can form the standard of sewage treatment service fee through the market-oriented method; on the other hand, speed up the construction of the price mechanism that covers the cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal and reasonable profit, and gradually realize the cost of covering the urban sewage treatment fee, thus forming the price that can support the sustainable and healthy development of the sewage treatment industry. The formation mechanism of the lattice.
China economic guide reporter:
Then ask the question, the second of the five measures that have just been mentioned are to set up the differential fee mechanism of enterprise sewage discharge, and mention high pollution, high charge, low pollution and low charge. I want to ask you to introduce specific differential charge mechanism. In addition, how to set up differentiated charging mechanism can help enterprises to reduce sewage discharge through price levers. Thank you.
The differentiation policy of sewage discharged by industrial enterprises should be formed and perfected on the basis of summing up experience from different places.
The key is to implement high pollution, high charge, low pollution and low charge. The key is to promote the pretreatment of sewage discharge and reduce the emission of pollutants from the source.
In particular, to encourage the local enterprises to discharge the main pollutants in the sewage, such as COD (chemical oxygen demand), total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and other indicators, according to the type and concentration of pollutants, or environmental credit rating, classification and classification of different fees standard.
There is no unified requirement for local conditions, which can be combined with local conditions, setting up the sources of pollution according to local conditions, setting different standards and implementing different classification policies. Conditional areas can also explore the criteria for increasing the price of multiple pollutants.
The difference policy of sewage discharge is carried out. In front of me, some places have done useful exploration, which can help promote the sewage treatment and pollutant emission reduction, improve the water quality of sewage treatment, and also promote the utilization of water.
In 2003, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, has made some beneficial explorations and attempts in this respect, giving an introduction to Jiaxing's examples and achievements. In order to solve the predicament of the destruction of water environment caused by economic and social development, Jiaxing began a differentiated charging policy for COD in the second half of 2003.
In October 2012, the four factors of pH, suspended solids, total phosphorus and ammonia nitrogen were selected for differential policy. Since the implementation of the policy, good results have been achieved.
First, the concentration of sewage discharged by industrial enterprises to the pipe network has dropped significantly. After the COD charge, the COD content of sewage discharged by industrial enterprises decreased from 900 mg per liter to 400 mg in 2008, and was stable at this level. After the implementation of the policy of increasing the total phosphorus content, the total phosphorus concentration of the sewage treatment plant in 2015 decreased by nearly 20% compared with that in 2014, and showed a declining trend year by year.
Two is to promote the transformation and upgrading of enterprises and green development. After the implementation of this policy, enterprises are forced to increase investment in environmental protection, achieve discharge standards, promote backward production capacity and upgrade enterprises. There was a famous pesticide factory in Jiaxing, and the agricultural enterprises must have failed to meet the standards. After implementing this policy, enterprises are forced to carry out rectification. At present, cleaner production and emission standards have been fully realized.
The three is that the water quality of the sewage treatment is improved obviously. After the implementation of this policy, the water quality of Jiaxing's sewage treatment has reached the national standard, and played a significant role in improving the local water environment and controlling water pollution. The improvement of water quality after sewage treatment has greatly promoted the utilization of water, and the water quality has reached the standard, which can improve the utilization rate of water and improve the utilization efficiency of the whole water resources.
Four, the normal operation of sewage treatment enterprises is guaranteed. Since the implementation of this policy in October 2012, Jiaxing has charged a total of about 52000000 yuan, which effectively compensates for the construction of sewage treatment projects and the normal operating costs of sewage treatment enterprises, and ensures the guarantee of the fund.
Recently, we often see the reports about the municipal solid waste, and we are also concerned about the charge policy of solid waste disposal. What are the bright spots or innovations in this new policy?
In recent years, the national development and Reform Commission and related departments have formulated a charge policy for solid waste treatment focusing on urban garbage disposal and hazardous waste disposal, which have been actively carried out in various parts of the country and achieved good results.
On the basis of summing up the existing work experience and aiming at the new situation and new task of solid waste treatment, the opinion further clarified the establishment and improvement of the charge mechanism of solid waste disposal to cover cost and reasonable profit in the whole country, speed up the establishment of incentive and constraint charging mechanism, and promote the classification and reduction of garbage, resources and harmless treatment. We should improve the policy of charging for the disposal of hazardous wastes. There are two main points of innovation.
First, in order to implement the policy decision of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on the implementation of the garbage classification system, the opinion proposed to improve the classification of municipal solid waste and reduce the incentive fee mechanism.
We should actively promote the reform of the charging mode of municipal solid waste treatment, the users with complete facilities and conditions, the implementation of garbage metering and charging, and the policy of differential charging of classified and mixed garbage.
Specifically, it is the classification of garbage, the proper implementation of low standard of charge, the non categorization of garbage, the implementation of higher standard of charge. The design of such charging system has positive significance for promoting garbage classification, promoting resource conservation, environmental protection and improving people's living environment.
At the same time, the local competition mechanism should be encouraged. Through the bidding method, the qualified enterprises should choose the qualified enterprises to undertake the garbage collection, transportation and treatment work, encourage the exploration of the market operation mode, reduce the cost of garbage disposal, and improve the quality of service.
The two is to improve the policy of charging for hazardous waste disposal. Hazardous wastes are hazardous characteristics such as corrosive, toxic, flammable or infectious, usually including medical hazardous waste, industrial hazardous waste and social source hazardous waste.
Hazardous waste disposal is of great importance. Improper disposal may have harmful effects on the environment or human health. Therefore, the opinion clearly put forward that in accordance with the principle of collecting, transporting, storing and disposing the cost of each link and making a reasonable profit, the charge standards for hazardous waste disposal are formulated and adjusted to improve the disposal capacity of hazardous waste.
Among them, the medical waste can be set up separately according to the quota charge and the way of quantitative charge. The specific charge mode is determined by the medical waste disposal unit and the medical institution. On the other hand, it can avoid medical waste mixed with ordinary garbage and expand pollution; on the other hand, avoid common waste into medical waste and waste medical waste disposal resources.
For industrial hazardous wastes and hazardous waste from social sources, special emphasis is placed on strengthening the investigation of disposal costs, taking the initiative to adapt to the changes in the situation, rationally determining and dynamically adjusting the charge standards, and promoting the proper disposal of hazardous wastes. Thank you
People's Daily reporter:
Everyone supports the green development, but the water fee, electricity, garbage and sewage are related to life. How to arrange the "opinion" between the green development and the livelihood security?
Thank you for raising a question of great concern. I will talk about this question. General secretary Xi Jinping said a word, "good ecological environment is the most popular well-being of the people's livelihood, the development of the economy is for the people's livelihood, the protection of the ecological environment is also for the people's livelihood."
I understand there are two aspects of this,
First, we should recognize the protection of the ecological environment and promote green development, especially in the document, it is necessary to pay a certain cost and cost to bring the cost of the ecological environment into the cost of economic operation.
But we can not only calculate the economic accounts, but also calculate the ecological accounts, calculate the comprehensive accounts and long-term accounts. That is to say, promoting green development and protecting the ecological environment are not only to meet the needs of contemporary people's higher quality of life, but also to the sustainable development of future generations. Protecting a good environment is not only a kind of expectation, but also everyone's responsibility.
Two, the price policy is very sensitive, which is related to thousands of households and involves the vital interests of urban and rural residents.
In the process of price policy making and price reform, it is a principle we adhere to, not to affect the livelihood of the people, to take full consideration of the capacity of the society, and to ensure that the life of the low-income group is not affected. In this opinion, many measures have been put forward. In the design of policy, we emphasize the cost that the polluters pay, and make special policy arrangements to ensure that the life of the low-income group is not affected.
Specifically, in the policy, it is clear that we should deal with the relationship between the promotion of green development and the guarantee of the life of the masses, and the price authorities of all over the country should grasp two problems in promoting the reform.
The first problem is to take full consideration of the social affordability, seize the opportunity, strength and rhythm of the reform, take full account of the local resources and environment, economic development and the income level of urban and rural residents. Ringing.
The second problem is to take effective measures to protect the life of low-income groups. It is mainly to improve and implement the linkage mechanism of social assistance and guarantee standards and price rise, to start and distribute subsidies in time, and to take other effective measures to ensure the bottom line of the people's livelihood. At the same time, the "opinion" proposes to do a good job of policy publicity and interpretation, to maximize the cohesion of social consensus, to strengthen the whole society to save resources, to protect the environment and to promote the common responsibility of green development, to ensure the smooth introduction of the price policy, and to create a good atmosphere for the reform. Thank you.
Central Guangzhou reporter:
China's water resources are very scarce. The price of water before it has raised the awareness of saving water to some extent. What are the innovative measures for water-saving in this new policy?
Let me answer the question. Water is very important, water resources are also very valuable, it is known that Israel uses condensation technology to consume a certain amount of energy to convert the water in the air into liquid water. I also see a report that Japan designs a product that puts the tank on the water tank, washing the face, washing your hands, and washing the water, and can recycle the toilet.
These small aspects are very necessary. On the one hand, we need to adjust the policy system, and on the other hand, we should form a sense of saving water for the whole people.
As you have said, China is a country with a serious shortage of water resources, with only 2100 cubic meters of water per capita, only 28% of the world average, or 1/3.
Since 1998, the relevant state departments have issued a series of regulations and standardized documents, such as the measures for the management of urban water supply prices, the measures for the management of water supply prices for water conservancy projects, and the guiding opinions on speeding up the establishment and improvement of the urban residents' water price system, and so on, to supervise and guide all localities to actively promote the price of water resources. Reform.
In 2016, the general office of the State Council issued the opinion on promoting the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price. After the introduction of these reform measures, it has played an active role in protecting water supply and agricultural water, setting up water saving consciousness of the whole people and improving the efficiency of water use.
However, it must be seen that the current price of urban water supply and the price of agricultural water are still low, and the adjustment cycle is long, the price and cost are generally hung upside down, and the progressive price mechanism of multi water and multi pay has not been fully established. It is not conducive to the healthy development of the urban water supply industry and the benign operation of the irrigation and water conservancy projects, but also difficult to adjust. The active users can save water.
In addition, promoting the use of reclaimed water resources, the price mechanism conducive to the optimal allocation of water resources is not yet sound. In view of these problems, the opinions put forward four policy measures:
First, we should deepen the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price, and make clear that Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces before the end of 2020, the water shortage and groundwater overexploitation areas, as well as the new high efficient water saving irrigation project area and the national modern agricultural industrial park should be the first to complete the reform task.
Two, we should improve the price formation mechanism of urban water supply and establish a dynamic price adjustment mechanism. The principle and goal of water price adjustment for non residents and special industries is clearly defined, and it is emphasized that the price of water use should be adjusted to the level of cost, the price of non resident water is adjusted to the cost of compensation and the level of profit is reasonable. Further widening the price difference between special water and non resident water, the two party ratio in water shortage area is no less than 3:1 in principle. The quality of water supply will be promoted and the water saving is promoted.
Three, we should comprehensively implement the system of over quota progressive increase in water consumption for non resident residents in cities and towns. Benchmarking advanced enterprises, scientifically formulating water quota and dynamically adjusting them. In particular, we put forward a higher price standard for the "two high energy, high pollution, overcapacity" industry, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure.
Four, we should establish a price policy conducive to reclaimed water conservancy and promote the use of reclaimed water.
Through the above measures, we should establish and improve the cost of compensation, reasonable profit, incentive to improve the quality of water supply, promote the formation and dynamic adjustment mechanism of water saving, ensure the good operation of water supply engineering and facilities, and promote the water saving and the sustainable utilization of water resources. Thank you.
Guangming network reporter:
Agriculture is a large water user, but the efficiency of agricultural water use has not been high. How can we improve the efficiency of agricultural water use through price mechanism? Thank you.
Thank you for paying attention to the water use in agriculture. When the director in law just answered the question in front of him, it has been mentioned that agricultural water accounts for more than 60% of the total water consumption in the country. It is indeed a big water user and the potential of water saving.
As we all know, the price of agricultural water in China has been on the low side for a long time, which is far lower than the cost of water supply.
The Central Committee of the party and the State Council have attached great importance to the comprehensive reform of agricultural water and water prices. On the basis of the experience of the pilot project, the general office of the State Council issued the opinion on promoting the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price in early 2016, which is the 2 document we usually say, and clarifies the general requirement of the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price, Ren Wuju Measures and measures are required to establish and improve the formation mechanism of agricultural water price, which is reasonable and reasonable to reflect the cost of water supply, which is conducive to water saving and the system mechanism innovation of water conservancy system and investment and financing system, which is suitable for ten years.
On the basis of summarizing the practice of carrying out the work of Document No. 2 in recent years, the document of the green development has put forward the concrete measures to further increase the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price.
First, the agricultural water price reform pilot area is required to increase the agricultural water price one step or step by step to the operation and maintenance cost level, and the areas with the conditions are raised to the total cost level. At the same time, we have implemented the progressive quota increase system in excess of quota, and called for the establishment of precise subsidy and water-saving incentive mechanism.
Two, the state has invested a large amount of funds in the construction of water conservancy facilities and water saving facilities every year. This opinion clearly demands that the areas of agricultural water saving transformation should be completed, and the space of water saving should be fully utilized to raise the price of agricultural water. On the one hand, it can promote the conservation of water resources, and on the other hand, it will not increase the burden on farmers.
The three is to make clear that we should take the lead in completing the key areas of the reform task, and require the provinces of Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang before the end of 2020, as well as the water shortage and groundwater overexploitation areas with perfect farmland water conservancy facilities, and the new high efficient water saving irrigation project area and the national current generation Agricultural Industrial Park, which should be the first to complete the agricultural water. The task of comprehensive price reform is to bring about a comprehensive reform of the agricultural water price in the whole country from the point of view to the mature experience.
China Environmental News reporter:
There are great differences between the resources endowment conditions and the economic development level in all parts of China. The task of pollution prevention and control includes the different tasks of green development. Thank you.
As you said, China has a vast territory and great diversity. The principle of the whole policy formulation is to emphasize the local conditions, innovate and explore, and allow all regions to explore new practices. The "opinion" is only a principled approach. Many specific policies are formulated and implemented by the local governments themselves.
"Opinion" mainly involves the price or charge policy of 4 fields such as sewage treatment, garbage disposal, water saving, energy saving and environmental protection. Most of the multimedia friends know that most of the price management affairs in these fields are in the local price authorities. We have carried out investigation and research many times in the course of making the "opinion". He also held a forum with local price authorities, and listened widely to the opinions and suggestions from all parts of the country.
Therefore, the "opinion" focuses on defining the direction of reform, establishing and improving mechanisms. The specific policy measures are formulated in accordance with the principles and general requirements determined by the opinions and the local practice, and have reserved enough space for local exploration and innovation. For example, in the wastewater treatment fee standard, the opinion encourages local conditions, and classifying the differential fees according to the types and concentration of the main pollutants in the wastewater.
It supports all localities to raise the standard of sewage treatment fees according to the improvement of sewage treatment standards. The "opinions" also proposed that all localities should be encouraged to explore the establishment of differentiated electricity price policies based on energy consumption per unit output and pollutant discharge, all of which have authorized local authorities. The opinion also put forward that the comprehensive supporting policies to promote the synergistic treatment of garbage are encouraged to support enterprises such as cement organic fertilizer and other enterprises to participate in the utilization of waste resources.
In the survey, we found that the technical means of garbage disposal and resource utilization are varied and need to be selected according to the specific local conditions.
For example, garbage incineration electricity generation price support policy, played a good role in promoting the promotion of waste incineration power generation. In order to guide the enterprises of other industries to participate in the utilization of garbage resources, it is necessary to establish supporting support policies and use the policies of good prices to support the related waste resource utilization projects.
In the formulation of the opinion, we have also deeply realized that it is difficult for a document to write all the price policies that promote green development, especially at the present time, many green price policies are at the exploratory stage. Therefore, the "opinion" emphasizes to encourage all localities to actively explore the price formation mechanism of ecological products, carbon emission trading, renewable energy compulsory quota and green certificate trading system and other green price policies.
In a word, the opinions fully consider the resources endowment conditions, the pollution prevention and control situation, the industrial structure characteristics and the social bearing capacity and so on, and do not make a "one size fits all". Local conditions can be made according to local conditions, in order to formulate green development price policies with local characteristics, guide the whole society to save resources, protect the ecological environment, and do a good job of green development. Thank you.
Media media reporter:
In view of the electricity price mechanism and the electricity price lever to promote green development, the director of Yuegu has already achieved successful experience. In view of the fact that the electricity price is one of the most sensitive production factors in many enterprises, how will the future electricity price policy promote green development? Thank you.
Thank you for your question. As you said, electricity is an important part of enterprise production and operation, so the price of electricity is a very effective lever to promote the upgrading of enterprise technology and the allocation of resources. In this opinion, some policies are innovated and perfected, which involve 3 measures of electricity price. The total aim of these 3 measures is to make higher cost of high energy consumption and high pollution enterprises, reduce the price of green and environmental enterprises, so that the price of electricity can be reduced by one liter and the mechanism of incentive and restraint can be formed. It can also improve energy efficiency, including supporting the development of the environmental protection industry itself and giving full play to its role. Specifically, it includes three aspects:
The first is to implement a stricter differentiated tariff policy for the high energy consuming industries.
As we all know, in recent years, the State Development and Reform Commission has carried out differential electricity prices for seven high energy consuming industries, such as ferroalloys, calcium carbide and caustic soda. The price increases for limited and eliminated enterprises, and the three industries of electrolytic aluminum, cement and iron and steel have stepped up the price of ladder electricity, the higher the energy consumption and the higher the electricity price.
Judging from the implementation effect of these policies, it has played a more active role in promoting the technological progress and clean development of the industry.
For example, the cement industry, before the implementation of the ladder electricity price policy, there are about 20% of the production capacity, the related production line energy consumption standards can not reach the national standard. After the implementation of this policy, the relevant department statistics can not reach the requirement of half of the production line, the other half through the transformation and upgrading to the national standard, the effect is very obvious.
In order to further encourage energy conservation, promote technological progress and green development and clean and reform enterprises, on the basis of research in various places, the opinion authorizes the local areas to expand the industry range of differential electricity prices and ladder electricity prices on the basis of the implementation of existing policies and according to their own needs, because of the industries in various places. The structure is different. Whatever industry has great impact on pollution and pressure of emission reduction, it can choose such an industry to implement such a policy.
In addition, the price adding standard can be raised. In the past, the Chinese family has a price increase according to the different industries, and it is now authorized to set the price adding standard according to the actual needs. This will lead to a waste of resources, including high
In addition, the price adding standard can be raised. In the past, the Chinese family has a price increase according to the different industries, and it is now authorized to set the price adding standard according to the actual needs. This will make the waste of resources, including high pollution emissions, pay a higher cost. Those who take the initiative to save and actively reduce emissions can receive more benefits. In this way, energy conservation and emission reduction become the conscious behavior of enterprises.
The two is to increase the implementation of peak valley electricity price. Peak valley electricity price is based on the change of daily demand, which is divided into three periods of peak, flat and low. The price of electricity is different in different periods, that is to say, the electricity price of peak time is higher, and the period of low valley will be lower.
After the implementation of this policy, it has also led users to more peak load shifting, and more often used low-priced electricity at low prices to reduce peak electricity prices. It has played an active role in improving the utilization efficiency of electric power resources.
This "opinion" also further increased the implementation of the peak valley electricity price policy, so that the local combination of their own practice, can expand the scope of the peak valley electricity price policy. On the other hand, it is possible for us to determine and dynamically adjust the time interval, when and when it is a valley.
It can also allow them to widen the price gap between peak and trough prices, so that the implementation of the policy will be further intensified. The policy of peak valley electricity price has created conditions for the development of energy storage industry and industry. The energy storage enterprises can sell high price electricity and sell high price electricity by buying low prices at low valleys so that they can achieve profit and achieve a benign development.
The development of energy storage industry is not only involved in several enterprises, but in fact, it is of great significance to improve the efficiency of the whole power grid system and reduce the operating cost of the power system.
The three is to put forward some new measures and supplements.
To reduce the cost of electricity and support the development of environmental protection industry, that is to say, we need to reduce electricity consumption by environmental protection industries. At present, sewage treatment and port electric power operation, sea water desalination carry out the big industry two parts electricity price, now the average price is about 0.65 yuan / degree, of which the electricity charge of capacity is 9 cents.
In order to support the development of such enterprises and reduce their cost of energy, we have proposed that the electricity cost of the related enterprises should be exempt by the end of 2025, and the cost of electricity consumption of these enterprises is about 14%, and it is also not small.
Another supplement, in 2014, I issued a price policy to support the development of new energy vehicles, that is, the electricity free charge for the centralized power transfer facilities. In order to further support the popularization and application of new energy vehicles, the policy extended the policy to 2025. On the whole, many policies and measures have been put forward to promote energy conservation and promote the development of environmental protection industry by using the lever of electricity price. Thank you.
Time relationship, no more questions. Thank the three directors for their interpretation of the "opinions". If you have any specific questions about your opinions, you can contact us. We will also release the following specific measures to the opinion for the first time. This is the end of today's conference. Thank you for your media friends.
In order to further study and implement the thought of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization, conscientiously implement the spirit of the national ecological environment protection conference, make a good fight against pollution prevention and control, and promote the construction of ecological civilization and beautiful China, the following suggestions are put forward to innovate and improve the price mechanism of promoting green development.
It includes insisting on problem orientation, insisting on polluter pays, persisting in incentive and restraint, and adhering to the policy of land classification.
National Development and Reform Commission
Opinions on innovation and improvement of price mechanism for promoting green development
Price regulation  No. 943
The development and Reform Commission and the price bureau of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government:
Green development is an inevitable requirement for the construction of ecological civilization and the construction of a high quality modern economic system. It is a profound revolution of the concept of development, and the core is to save resources and protect the ecological environment. In order to further study and implement the thought of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization, conscientiously implement the spirit of the national ecological environment protection conference, make a good fight against pollution prevention and control, and promote the construction of ecological civilization and beautiful China, the following suggestions are put forward to innovate and improve the price mechanism of promoting green development.
One, important significance
Since the eighteen Party of the party, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee at the core of Comrade Xi Jinping, the price authorities at all levels have conscientiously implemented the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to actively promote the price reform of the resources and environment. In order to support the ultra low emission transformation of coal-fired units and the clean heating price policy in the northern region, the policy of differential electricity price for high energy consumption, high pollution and severe overcapacity industry is implemented, and the household electricity, water and gas staircase price system should be carried out in an all-round way, and the policies of water resources, sewage treatment and waste disposal are perfected. The introduction of rewards and punishments combined with the green electricity tariff and charging policy has made positive contributions to strengthening the protection of the ecological environment. However, compared with the urgent needs of the era of ecological civilization construction and the urgent need for the fight against pollution prevention and control, there are still some problems, such as inadequate price mechanism, inadequate system of policy system, and inadequate implementation of some areas, such as the lack of resources, ecological value and environmental damage cost, and the combination of incentive and constraint. The price mechanism is not really established. We need to further deepen the price reform, innovate and improve the price mechanism to solve.
At present, the construction of ecological civilization in China is in the key period of pressure superposition and heavy load. It has entered the period of providing more quality ecological products to meet the needs of the growing ecological environment of the people, and also the window and opening period with the ability to solve the outstanding problems of the ecological environment. Facing the new situation and new requirements of ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection in the new era, we should make full use of market means, promote the market process of ecological environment protection, constantly improve the price mechanism of resources and environment, make better use of price lever to optimize the allocation of resources, realize the internalization of the environmental cost, and promote the whole society. Economize and speed up the positive role of green environmental protection industry development, and then inspire the whole society to promote green development and ecological civilization construction.
Two. General requirements
(1) guiding ideology
The spirit of the nineteen and the Third Plenary Session of the second and third Plenary Session of the party is fully implemented. Guided by the socialist ideology of Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping, the new development concept is firmly established and implemented. According to the requirements of high quality development, the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment is insisted, and the establishment and perfection can fully reflect the city. The price mechanism of supply and demand, the scarcity of resources, the ecological value and the cost of environmental damage, improve the price policy which is beneficial to the green development, bring the cost of the ecological environment into the cost of economic operation, pry more social capital into the field of ecological environment protection, and promote the conservation of resources, the protection of the ecological environment and the pollution. Dyeing and control, promoting the formation of green development space pattern, industrial structure, production mode and life style, constantly meet the growing needs of the people's beautiful ecological environment.
(two) basic principles
- stick to the problem - oriented. Focusing on the prominent environmental problems that damage the health of the masses, it is closely linked to the landmark campaigns against the defense of the blue sky, the governance of the black and smelly water bodies in the city, the pollution control of agricultural and rural areas, and efforts to innovate and improve the price formation mechanism in the key areas such as sewage disposal, water saving and energy conservation and air pollution control, and straighten out the relationship of interest and responsibility. Guiding the market, gathering resources, and helping to fight hard for pollution prevention and control.
- pay for the polluters. According to the principle that polluters pay and conservationists benefit, we should innovate the price mechanism of resources and environment, realize the internalization of the ecological environment cost, restrain the irrational consumption of resources, encourage the increase of the supply of ecological products, and make the resources saving and the ecological environment the endogenous impetus of the market main body.
- adhere to the incentive and constraint. In view of the areas and links between urban and rural areas, regions, industries and different subjects, price means can play a role, the mechanism of price incentive and restraint should be improved so as to save energy resources and protect the ecological environment to become the conscious action of the units, families and individuals to form a good situation of sharing and sharing a living civilization.
- stick to the classification of the ground. Supporting the local resources endowment conditions, pollution prevention and control situation, industrial structure characteristics, and social affordability, we should study and formulate specific price policies that meet the requirements of green development; encourage the conditions of the areas to formulate price policies based on more stringent environmental standards, and better promote the construction of ecological civilization and green development.
(three) main objectives
By 2020, the price mechanism and price policy system in favor of green development have basically formed. The role of promoting resource saving and the internalization of ecological environment cost has been enhanced obviously. By 2025, the price mechanism to meet the requirements of green development is more perfect and implemented to all aspects of the whole society.
Three, improve the charge policy of sewage treatment
Speed up the construction of the price mechanism to cover the cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal and reasonable profit, and promote the marketing of sewage treatment service fee, and gradually realize the basic cover service cost of urban sewage treatment fee.
(1) establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for urban sewage charges. According to the principle of compensation for the operation cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal facilities (excluding the construction and operation cost of sewage collection and transportation of pipe network) and reasonable profit, the sewage treatment fee standard is formulated, and according to the periodic evaluation results, the standard of municipal sewage treatment fee and sewage treatment service fee should be realized by the end of 2020. When a centralized sewage treatment center is established, the charging system for sewage treatment will be established and the sewage treatment fee shall be synchronized.
(two) establish a differentiated charging mechanism for sewage discharges. According to the classification, concentration and environmental credit rating of the main pollutants discharged from the sewage, the local government encourages the local enterprises to formulate differential fees by classification and sub grade to promote the pretreatment of sewage and the emission reduction of pollutants. Different kinds of major pollutants can be determined according to local conditions, the concentration of pollutants and the standard of differential price are set up reasonably. Industrial parks should take the lead in implementing differentiated charging policies.
(three) establish a charging mechanism in line with the standards of sewage treatment. In order to improve the standard of sewage treatment, the discharge standard of sewage treatment is raised to the first grade A or more strict standard town and Industrial Park, and the standard of sewage treatment can be improved accordingly. The provinces related to the Yangtze River Economic Belt should take the lead in implementing it. The protection area of the water source, the polluted area of groundwater, the serious water pollution area and the sensitive area especially the inferior V water body and the source of the pollution source of the black and smelly water body of the city should be carried out more stringent sewage disposal and discharge standards, and the standard of sewage treatment fee should be improved accordingly.
(four) explore the establishment of a sewage treatment fee payment system for farmers. In rural areas where sewage concentrated treatment facilities have been built, the payment system for farmers is established, and the payment standards are rationally determined by considering the economic conditions of the village, the affordability of farmers, the cost of sewage treatment and so on.
(five) improve the marketization mechanism of urban sewage treatment service charges. The main parameters are the cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal, the total amount of sewage, the removal of pollutants, and the period of operation, etc., and form the standard for the service fee of sewage treatment. We should encourage the bidding of urban sewage treatment projects in different regions, scales and profitability levels, and promote the balanced development of sewage treatment in cities, towns and villages. The sewage treatment service fee income and expenditure periodic report system should be established. The sewage treatment enterprises should report to the local price authorities before the end of March each year, and provide reference for the adjustment and improvement of the sewage treatment fee standard.
Four, improve the charge mechanism of solid waste disposal
In order to accelerate the establishment of incentive and constraint mechanism, which is conducive to the promotion of garbage classification and reduction, resources and harmless treatment, the charge mechanism of solid waste disposal to cover cost and reasonable profit is set up in an all-round way.
(1) establish and improve the charging mechanism for municipal solid waste disposal. According to the principle of compensation cost and reasonable profit, we should formulate and adjust the charging standard of municipal solid waste disposal. By the end of 2020, the charging system for domestic waste disposal has been established in cities and towns across the country. Encourage all localities to innovate the charging mode of garbage disposal and raise the collection rate. We should encourage all localities to formulate comprehensive supporting policies to promote the coordinated disposal of refuse, and support enterprises such as cement and organic fertilizer to participate in the utilization of garbage.
(two) improve the incentive mechanism for classification and reduction of municipal solid waste. We should actively promote the reform of the charging methods for municipal solid waste treatment, carry out the waste metering and charge for non resident users, and implement the policies of classified and mixed garbage charges to improve the standard of the charge for mixed garbage. To encourage the collection, transportation and processing of municipal solid waste in market operation has formed a fully competitive link, and the two sides have negotiated pricing.
(three) explore the establishment of charging system for rural garbage disposal. In the rural areas where the waste disposal system has been implemented, the collection and charging system of rural garbage disposal is set up, and the local economic development level, the capacity of the farmers and the cost of garbage disposal are taken into consideration, and the fee standard is rationally determined and the rural environment is improved.
(four) improve the charging mechanism of hazardous waste disposal. In accordance with the principle of compensating the cost of collecting, transporting, storing and disposing of hazardous wastes and making a reasonable profit, the charge standards for hazardous waste disposal are formulated and adjusted to improve the disposal capacity of hazardous waste. The total amount and structure of medical institutions in the region, the actual production of medical waste and the total cost of treatment are considered, and the quota of medical waste disposal and the standard of quantitative charge are approved rationally. The mode of charge is determined by the medical waste disposal unit and the medical institution. To strengthen the investigation of the cost of hazardous waste and social hazardous waste disposal, and to rationally determine and dynamically adjust the charge standards; on the premise of ensuring the whole process monitoring of the collection, transportation, storage and disposal of hazardous wastes and the tracing of illegal and irregularities, the charge standards for disposal may be determined by the two parties.
Five, setting up a price mechanism for saving water
Establish and improve the cost of compensation, reasonable profit, incentive to improve the quality of water supply, promote the formation and dynamic adjustment mechanism of water saving, ensure the good operation of water supply projects and facilities, and promote water saving and sustainable utilization of water resources.
(1) to deepen the comprehensive reform of agricultural water price. The agricultural water price comprehensive reform pilot area should raise the agricultural water price step by step or step by step to the level of operation and maintenance cost, the area of the condition is raised to the total cost level, the excess quota of water is put into price in an all-round way, and the reward mechanism of precision subsidy and water saving is set up synchronously. We should make full use of the space to save water and raise the price of agricultural water. Before the end of 2020, Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces, the water shortage and groundwater overexploitation areas, as well as the new high efficient water saving irrigation project area and the national modern agricultural industrial park should be the first to complete the reform task.
(two) improve the formation mechanism of urban water supply price. The price formation and dynamic adjustment mechanism, which fully reflects the cost of water supply and the incentive to promote the quality of water supply, is gradually adjusted to the cost level, the price of non resident water is adjusted to the compensation cost and the reasonable profit level, and the price difference between the special water and the non resident water is further enlarged, and the two people in the water shortage area will be further extended. The price ratio is not less than 3:1. The system of the water price of the residents should be perfected in a timely manner.
(three) comprehensively implement the system of over quota progressive increase in non resident water consumption in cities and towns. Benchmarking advanced enterprises, scientifically formulating water consumption quota and adjusting dynamically, rationally determining the standard of water supply and price increase, will be fully implemented before the end of 2020. Water shortage areas should tighten or modify water quotas, raise the standard of price increase, and fully reflect the scarcity of water resources. We should implement a higher standard of increase in industries such as "two high and one surplus", accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity and promote the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure.
(four) establish a price policy conducive to reclaimed water use. According to the principle of maintaining competitive advantage with tap water, we should determine the price of reclaimed water, and promote the use of recycled water in landscaping, road cleaning, fire fighting and other public areas. Conditional pricing can be negotiated, and the mechanism of price recovery is explored.
Six, improve the electricity price mechanism of promoting energy saving and environmental protection
We should give full play to the leverage of electricity prices, promote energy conservation and emission reduction, eliminate backwardness, optimize the allocation of power resources, and promote the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure and energy structure.
(1) to improve the policy of differential electricity price. We should comprehensively clean up the preferential tariff and other unreasonable price preferential policies for the high energy consuming industries. Strictly implement the differential electricity price policy of 7 industries, such as iron alloy, calcium carbide, caustic soda, cement, steel, yellow phosphorus, zinc smelting and so on, and carry out higher prices for the power consumption of elimination and restricted enterprises (including marketable electricity). All localities should assess the implementation effect of differential electricity price and ladder electricity price in time. According to the actual needs, we can expand the differential electricity price and the ladder electricity price to carry out the industry range, improve the standard of the price adding, promote the related industries to increase the technological transformation, improve the energy efficiency and accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity. Encourage all localities to explore the establishment of differentiated electricity price policy based on energy consumption per unit output and pollutant emission, and promote clean transformation. The differentiated electricity price and ladder price policy should be put on record by the national development and Reform Commission.
(two) improve the formation mechanism of peak valley electricity price. We should increase the implementation of peak and valley electricity prices, and use price signals to guide electric power to peak and fill the valley. At the same time, the provincial price authorities can establish the dynamic adjustment mechanism of peak valley electricity price on the premise of the total electricity price level, further expand the range of the sale side peak valley electricity price, rationally determine and dynamically adjust the peak and valley period, expand the price difference and floating range of the peak and low valley electricity prices, and guide the users to use electricity at the peak. The market participants are encouraged to sign contracts dealing with peaks, valleys, peacetime prices and electricity. The marketization mechanism of peak valley electricity price difference and ancillary service compensation is used to promote the development of energy storage. Using modern information and vehicle networking technology to encourage electric vehicles to provide energy storage services and gain profits through peak valley spreads. We should improve the residents' ladder price system and implement residents' peak valley electricity price.
(three) improve the supporting policies of some environmental protection industries. Before the end of 2025, the demand (capacity) electricity fee was exempted from the sewage treatment enterprises of the two - Part electricity price, the centralized power supply and exchange facilities for electric vehicles, the commercial electricity of the port, and the desalination of the sea water.
While promoting the above-mentioned reform task, we should encourage all localities to actively explore the green price policy of the price formation mechanism of ecological products, carbon emission trading, renewable energy compulsory quota and green certificate trading system.
Seven, pay close attention to the policy landing
Innovation and improvement of the promotion of the green development price mechanism is an important task in the current and the future period of price work. All localities should strengthen organizational leadership and take effective measures to ensure that all policies have taken root.
(1) to strengthen the implementation of the policy. The price authorities in various localities should comprehensively sort out the implementation of the current resource and environmental price policy, find that problems can be improved in a timely manner, and strengthen accountability for ineffective implementation. For the new policies, we should establish and implement the ledgers, and clear the timetable, roadmap and responsible persons one by one. Standardize market trading price behavior, strengthen the construction of price credit system, and urge market participants to strictly fulfill the price contract. We should strengthen the tracking and evaluation of the implementation of the policy, identify the pain points, difficulties and plugging points in the policy implementation, adjust the policy in time, and carry out the "nail nail" spirit.
(two) strengthen departmental cooperation. Promoting green development requires the participation of the whole society. The price authorities at all levels should take the initiative to strengthen cooperation with relevant departments and make overall use of the policies and measures such as price, environmental protection, finance, finance, investment and industry to form a joint policy and push green development together.
(three) to catch the bottom line of the people's livelihood. We should correctly handle the relationship between promoting green development and ensuring the life of the masses, fully considering the capacity of the social affordability, especially the low income groups, improving and implementing the linkage mechanism of the link between the social assistance and the guarantee standards and the price rise, and taking effective measures to hedge the impact of price adjustment on the lives of the difficult people.
(four) pay attention to publicity and guidance. We should do a good job of publicity and guidance, put the publicity work and policy formulation in the same important position, study, deploy and implement it, maximize the social consensus, strengthen the common responsibility of the whole society to save resources, protect the environment, promote green development, and improve the initiative to promote the green development price policy. Initiative, promote the transformation of green development requirements into conscious action, and jointly build a beautiful China.
National Development and Reform Commission2018年6月21日
Tian Weiyong, director of the Environmental Supervision Bureau of the Ministry of ecological environment, said that the disposal and disposal of domestic waste is closely related to everyone, and everyone will produce garbage, and the improper disposal of domestic waste will affect the normal operation of the city, and then affect the life of everyone. In recent years, the "neighbouring effect" of the domestic waste incineration industry is more prominent. The construction of a small number of waste incineration plants is earlier, the equipment is relatively old, and the emission of the waste is not stable, and the masses are more strongly reflected. "At present, we have raised the standard of garbage incineration and power generation industry regulation in the important agenda of pollution prevention and control, and actively promoted the settlement of related problems."
Tian said that, on the whole, there are two problems that the masses are most concerned with in the waste incineration industry. On the one hand, it is the malodorous problem and the other is dioxin. He said that the next step, we will focus on the key links, as far as possible to make the reasonable disposal of living garbage into the overall goal of building a well-off society, so that the people can live in a beautiful environment.
The following is the record of a regular press conference:
China Securities Journal reporter: the material mentioned recently is ready to introduce the "city black and odour water treatment battle plan", please introduce the situation. In addition, the material also mentioned that in July, the special rectification action plan of the waste incineration power generation industry will be issued. What is the background of this plan? What is the current emission standard of waste incineration power generation enterprises?
Tian is brave: you've seen it very carefully. In fact, the top-level design of the two tasks is further improving.
The standard of garbage incineration power generation industry is one of the "7+4" actions. The treatment and disposal of domestic waste is closely related to each of us, everyone will produce garbage, and the improper disposal of domestic waste will affect the normal operation of the city, and then affect the life of everyone.
In recent years, the "neighbouring effect" of the domestic waste incineration industry is more prominent. The construction of a small number of waste incineration plants is earlier, the equipment is relatively old, and the emission of the waste is not stable, and the masses are more strongly reflected. We have raised the standard of garbage incineration and power generation regulation to the important agenda of pollution prevention and control, and actively promoted the settlement of related problems. On the whole, the masses are most concerned about two aspects of garbage incineration power generation industry, one is the problem of foul smell, the other is the dioxin problem. The former has a greater influence on the masses in the sense organ, and the latter is mainly worried that it will have some influence on health.
Waste incineration plants have good equipment and good management. For example, in the control of stink, the storage, transportation, disposal and other links of the garbage may run out and out of the odor. In the control of dioxin, the burning temperature of the furnace can not reach the standard requirement, and dioxin may be produced.
The next step, we will focus on the key links, as far as possible to make the reasonable disposal of domestic waste into the overall goal of our well-off society, so that the people can live in a beautiful environment. A number of municipal solid waste incineration plants have been successfully operated in the city center, and live in harmony with the surrounding masses. We hope that in the future, we can also promote garbage incineration plants to achieve efficient and clean incineration, and get along well with the surrounding masses.
Source: Official micro-blog of the Ministry of ecology and environment
In May 18, 2018, the general office of the State Council issued a "notice on the reform of the reform of the examination and approval system for project construction projects", informing that the local government should meet the requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on deepening the reform and optimizing the deployment of the business environment of the "management suit", in order to promote the modernization of the government governance system and the governance capacity. In order to establish a scientific, convenient and efficient project construction project examination and approval and management system, the whole process and full cover reform of the examination and approval system for project construction projects are carried out.
The notice requires that the relevant requirements for the cancellation of administrative examination and approval, environmental impact assessment, energy saving evaluation, seismic safety evaluation and other evaluation items should not be considered as the conditions for approval or approval of the project. The design scheme review will be carried out at the time of the approval of the construction project license, and the relevant departments and units will be sought by the issuing department. See, other departments no longer examine the design plan separately. The implementation of the regional assessment is carried out by the unified organization of the government on seismic safety assessment, geological hazard assessment, environmental impact assessment and energy conservation evaluation.
At the same time, the notice gives specific time requirements for project approval reform. In 2018, the pilot area built the framework and management system for the approval system for project construction projects. According to the required process, the examination and approval time was reduced by more than half, from the current average more than 200 working days to 120 working days. In 2019, the pilot experience was summarized and the examination and approval system was carried out throughout the country. The examination and approval time was reduced to 120 working days in the first half of the year. The examination and approval items and the time for the pilot area were further reduced; the framework and management system of the approval system for the construction projects of the cities and cities at the level and above were built. In 2020, a unified national construction project approval and management system was basically built.
The office of the State Council on carrying out project construction projects
Notifications of the reform of the examination and approval system
State Office  No. 33
The people's governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, ministries and commissions under the State Council, and institutions directly under the State Council:
In order to carry out the requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on deepening the reform of the "administrative clothing" and optimizing the business environment of the business, the State Council has decided to reform the examination and approval system for the project construction project by promoting the government's function to reduce the examination and approval, the strong supervision, the excellent service and the fair competition. With the approval of the State Council, the relevant matters concerning the pilot work are hereby notified as follows:
1. General requirements
(1) guiding ideology. In order to carry out the spirit of the nineteen and the Third Plenary Session of the second and third Plenary Session of the party's nineteen and nineteen sessions, guided by the socialist ideology of Chinese characteristics in the new era, according to the requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on deepening the reform and optimizing the deployment of the business environment, the goal of promoting the government system of governance and the modernization of governance capacity is the goal. In order to establish a scientific, convenient and efficient project construction project examination and approval and management system, the whole process and full cover reform of the examination and approval system for project construction projects are carried out.
(two) pilot areas. Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenyang, Dalian, Nanjing, Xiamen, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Guiyang, municipalities, cities and provinces.
(three) the content of the reform. Reform covers the whole process of examination and approval of projects and construction projects (from project to completion acceptance and public facilities access); mainly housing and urban infrastructure projects, including special projects and major projects in the fields of transportation, water conservancy and energy; covering administrative approval items and technical reviews and intermediaries Other types of services, such as services, municipal services, and filing, promote process optimization and standardization.
(four) work objectives. In 2018, the pilot area built the framework and management system for the approval system for project construction projects. According to the required process, the examination and approval time was reduced by more than half, from the current average more than 200 working days to 120 working days. In 2019, the pilot experience was summarized and the examination and approval system was carried out throughout the country. The examination and approval time was reduced to 120 working days in the first half of the year. The examination and approval items and the time for the pilot area were further reduced; the framework and management system of the approval system for the construction projects of the cities and cities at the level and above were built. In 2020, a unified national construction project approval and management system was basically built.
Two. Unified approval process
(five) optimize the examination and approval stage. The approval process of the construction project is mainly divided into four stages: planning permission, construction permission, construction permit and completion acceptance. Among them, the approval stage of the approval of land use planning mainly includes the approval and approval of the project, the issuance of the submissions, the pretrial of land, and the permission of land use planning. The stage of construction permission includes the examination of design plan and the issuance of construction planning permit. The construction permission stage mainly includes the design verification and confirmation of fire protection and civil air defense, and the issuance of construction permits. Completion acceptance stage mainly includes planning, land, fire, civil air defense and other acceptance and completion of the inspection and record. Other administrative licensing, compulsory assessment of security, intermediary services, municipal public services, and records are included in the relevant stages or in parallel with the related stages.
(six) classification and refinement process. According to the types of construction projects, investment categories and scale, the approval process is classified and the approval stage and approval items are determined. To simplify the examination and approval of the small and medium-sized project construction projects for the social investment, the project is no longer audited for the project with the plan to sell the land, and the project construction license and the construction license are merged into one stage. For construction projects transferring land, the approval of construction land will be included in the planning permission stage of land use planning.
(seven) energetically promoting parallel examination and approval. Each examination and approval stage to determine a leading department, the implementation of the "one lead, parallel examination and approval, time limit run", the leading departments to organize and coordinate the relevant departments in strict accordance with the time to complete the examination and approval.
Three, streamline the examination and approval link
(eight) to reduce the examination and approval items and conditions. Abolish the examination and approval items that do not conform to the superordinate law and the non-compliance. Cancelling unreasonable and unnecessary examination and approval items. For the reserved examination and approval matters, we should reduce the precondition for approval and publish the list of approval items. Cancellation of construction contract filing, building energy efficiency design review and filing. In the housing construction project invested by the society, the construction unit can decide the way of issuing the contract by itself.
(nine) decentralization approval authority. In accordance with the principle of convenience for enterprises and the masses, approval and approval of subordinate organs can be delegated or delegated to lower level organs for examination and approval. Relevant departments should strengthen communication and coordination, formulate supporting measures, improve supervision system, carry out guidance training, and improve the effectiveness of examination and approval.
(ten) the merger and approval items. A number of examination and approval matters that are implemented by the same department with similar management contents or belonging to the same stage should be consolidated as a matter for examination and approval. The implementation of joint inspection, joint mapping, joint inspection, joint inspection and acceptance. The technical review of fire protection design review and civil air defense design review shall be incorporated into the construction drawing design document, and the relevant departments will no longer carry out technical review. Implementation of the government procurement service mode to carry out the review of construction drawings design documents. The project quality and safety supervision procedures and construction permit merger. The departments and units such as planning, land, fire protection, civil air defense, archives, municipal public utilities and other units shall implement joint inspection at a time limit.
(eleven) change the way of management. For approval items that can be replaced by ways of seeking relevant departments' opinions, it should be adjusted to internal coordination matters within the government. When the construction project planning license is issued, the design scheme is reviewed and the relevant departments and units are solicited by the issuing department, and the other departments will no longer examine the design scheme separately. The implementation of the regional assessment is carried out by the unified organization of the government on seismic safety assessment, geological hazard assessment, environmental impact assessment and energy conservation evaluation.
(twelve) adjust the timing of examination and approval. The evaluation of environmental impact assessment, energy saving evaluation, seismic safety evaluation and other evaluation items should not be considered as the conditions for approval or approval of the project, and the evaluation of seismic safety can be completed before the project design, and other evaluation items can be completed before the construction license. The land pre-trial opinion can be used as a land use certificate to apply for a construction project planning permit, and the approval procedures for land use can be completed before the construction permit. The municipal public infrastructure facilities, such as water supply, power supply, gas, heat, drainage, communication and other municipal public infrastructure are delivered ahead of time to the approval of the construction license, and the construction of relevant facilities is completed in the construction phase of the project, and the access matters will be handled directly after the completion of the acceptance.
(thirteen) carry out the system of informing commitment. The adoption of post event supervision can correct matters that do not conform to the conditions of examination and approval and do not cause serious consequences. If the applicant makes a written promise in writing, the examination and approval department can make a direct examination and approval decision. The system of informed consent is applied to the corresponding examination and approval items for the construction projects that have implemented regional assessments. In some of the construction projects, the system of construction planning permission notification commitment is implemented.
Four, perfect the examination and approval system
(fourteen) implementation of a blueprint co-ordination project. We should speed up the establishment of a "multi discipline integration" business collaboration platform and plan all kinds of plans. On the basis of "one blueprint" of "multi compliance", all departments should coordinate and coordinate the construction conditions of the projects, the construction units carry out the requirements of the construction conditions, and the relevant departments strengthen the supervision and management and assessment and evaluation.
(fifteen) unified management of "one system". On the basis of the existing information platform in the country and the local, the examination and approval management system of the project construction project is integrated into the "lateral to side, vertical to end", covering all departments and cities, counties, districts and towns (streets) to achieve unified acceptance, parallel examination and approval, real-time circulation, tracking supervision and information sharing. Among them, secret related projects are carried out in accordance with relevant confidentiality requirements. The examination and approval management system should be interconnected with information platforms such as "multi - compliance" business cooperation platform and all departments' examination and approval management system, so as to transmit the examination and approval process and the examination and approval results in real time. Through the construction project approval management system, we should strengthen the guidance, supervision and management of the approval work of local construction projects.
(sixteen) "one window" provides integrated services. We should integrate the scattered service windows of various departments and municipal public utilities, and set up a comprehensive service window for examination and approval of construction projects. Establish and improve the "receptionist and backstage audit" mechanism, integrate service windows to unify parts and components, and achieve "one window" service and management.
(seventeen) "a form" integrated declaration materials. Each examination and approval stage implements a "guide to work, a form of application form, a set of declaration materials, a number of approval" operation mode, the leading department formulating a unified business guide and declaration form, each examination and approval applicants only to submit a set of declaration material. The examining and approving departments at different stages of examination and approval shall share application materials, and may not require applicants to submit them repeatedly.
(eighteen) "a set of mechanisms" to standardize the examination and approval operation. Establish and improve the approval system for the project and construction project, clear the responsibilities of the Department, clear the work regulations, standardize the examination and approval behavior, and ensure the seamless connection of all stages and links in the examination and approval. Establish a coordination mechanism for examination and approval, and coordinate and resolve departmental differences. Set up a supervision and supervision system to track the approval process in real time and supervise the whole process.
Five, strengthen supervision and management
(nineteen) to strengthen the supervision after the event. We should establish a regulatory system suited to the reform of the examination and approval system for construction projects. We will carry out "double random and open" supervision, intensify supervision and inspection, and seriously investigate illegal activities. For the examination and approval of the system of notification and commitment, the examination and approval departments shall check the applicant's commitment in the prescribed time, and revoke the decision of the administrative examination and approval and investigate the corresponding liability of the applicant if the applicant fails to fulfill the commitment.
(twenty) strengthen the construction of the credit system. To establish a credit information platform for project construction projects, to establish a blacklist system, to open the unlawful and uncommitted behavior of enterprises and employees to the public, and to establish a joint disciplinary mechanism of "a loss of credit and confined to everywhere".
(twenty-one) regulate intermediaries and municipal public services. We should establish and improve the management system, implement the service commitment system, define service standards and procedures, and standardize service charges. Relying on the construction project approval management system, an intermediary service online transaction platform is established to supervise the intermediary service behavior in the whole process.
Six. Overall organization and Implementation
(twenty-two) strengthen the organization and leadership. The Ministry of housing and urban construction should effectively undertake the organizational coordination and supervision and guidance responsibility for the reform of the project and construction project examination and approval system, and the relevant departments should strengthen cooperation and close cooperation. The people's Government in the pilot area should attach great importance to the reform of the examination and approval system for project construction projects, set up a leading group with the chief responsible comrades as the leader, perfect the working mechanism, and lay down the burden of compaction. The pilot area should prepare the implementation plan according to this notice, refine the decomposition task, clear the responsible department, formulate the timetable and road map, ensure the orderly progress of the pilot work, and submit the implementation plan to the Ministry of urban and rural construction by June 15, 2018. Reform and innovation are encouraged, and the relevant laws, regulations and policy requirements are involved in the reform. Support the pilot areas in the legislative authority within the scope of the first trial, in accordance with the law to promote reform. The study promoted the reform of the approval system for relevant construction projects in rural areas according to local conditions.
(twenty-three) establish the evaluation mechanism. The Ministry of housing and urban construction should establish the examination and evaluation mechanism for the examination and approval system of the project construction project with the relevant departments, and focus on assessing and evaluating the whole process of the pilot area, the full coverage of the implementation of the reform, the assessment of the unified approval process in the pilot area, the streamlining of the examination and approval process and the improvement of the examination and approval system, and the timely summary of the pilot practice. It will form a replicable and popularized experience and report it to the State Council. In the pilot area, the people's government should intensify supervision over the reform of relevant departments and track the implementation of reform tasks. The pilot area should regularly report to the Ministry of housing, urban and rural construction on the progress of work. If the work is not promoted and the reform process of the examination and approval system of the project construction projects is affected, in particular, the objectives of the stage work are not completed on time, and they should be seriously accountable according to law.
(twenty-four) do a good job of publicity and guidance. The pilot area should publicize the relevant work measures and achievements in a variety of ways, strengthen the guidance of public opinion, enhance the public's understanding and support for the pilot work, respond to the concerns of the masses in time, and create a good public opinion environment for the smooth promotion of the pilot work.
Construction and investment guide for classification, collection, transportation and treatment of rural domestic waste
Release of the Ministry of environmental protection
In order to prevent and control pollution and protect the environment, we should guide the rural environmental improvement work and ensure the effectiveness of the work.
This guide is a guiding document and can be used as a reference for the construction and investment of rural domestic waste classification, transportation and disposal.
This guide is put forward by the Department of planning and finance of the Ministry of environmental protection and organized by the science and technology standards division.
The drafting unit of this guide is the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences.
This guide was approved and issued by the Ministry of environmental protection in November 11, 2013.
This guide is explained by the Ministry of environmental protection.
1 general rule
1.1 scope of application
According to the definition of rural environmental governance, the rural population of this guide is in the administrative village of less than 10 thousand people and the natural village, which is applicable to the technical basis of the planning, establishment, site selection, design, construction, acceptance and operation and management of the classification, collection, transfer and treatment of rural domestic waste.
1.2 terms and definitions
1.2.1 rural domestic waste refers to solid waste produced by the rural population in daily life or for daily life services, as well as solid waste, which is considered to be living garbage, including waste waste such as kitchen waste, paper, plastic, metal, glass, fabric and other recyclable waste, brick and stone. Ash and other non recyclable waste, pesticide packaging waste, small daily electronic products, waste paint, waste lamp tube, waste daily chemicals and expired drugs and other hazardous wastes.
1.2.2 rural garbage collection station refers to a single village domestic garbage collection point, the volume is generally less than 3m3;
1.2.3 rural refuse transfer station refers to a single large village or multiple village garbage collection and transfer facility for garbage transfer process, with a volume of more than 5M3.
1.3 standard reference files
The following documents are mainly used in formulating this guide, including:
(1) "technical specification for village regulation" GB 50445-2008
(2) technical specification for rural domestic pollution control HJ 574-2010
(3) classification and evaluation standard of municipal solid waste CJJ/T1 02-2004
(4) technical specification for operation and maintenance of domestic refuse transfer stations CJJ109-2006
(5) code for operation and management of domestic refuse transfer stations DB11/T 271-2005
(6) technical specification for domestic refuse transfer station CJJ47-2006
(7) technical specification for aerobic composting of municipal solid waste CJJ/T 52
(8) operation, maintenance and safety technical regulation of municipal solid waste composting plant CJJ/T 86
(9) code for operation and management of municipal solid waste composting plant DB 11/T 272
1.4 technology model selection
According to local conditions, using the treatment mode of combination of dispersing and centralization, making full use of the existing environmental sanitation, renewable energy and environmental pollution treatment facilities, rationally configuring public resources, setting up the county (city) Town Village integration of living garbage pollution prevention and control system, overall planning and designing, realizing the classification of rural living garbage. To collect, transport and process projects, build and share villages and towns, and build and share urban and rural areas.
1.4.1 urban and rural integration processing model
In principle, the urban-rural integration processing model is applicable to villages within the range of 20 to 30 km around the city, and more than 60% of the urban transportation roads with the road standards above the county level.
1.4.2 centralized processing mode
The centralized treatment model is suitable for the village of flat archetype. The service radius is greater than or equal to 20 km, the population density is more than 66 people /km2, and the total service population is over 80000 people, and the regional garbage transfer and compression facilities can be set up to cover the surrounding villages, and the transportation road between the facilities and the surrounding villages can reach the county level and above road mark. Quasi;
1.4.3 dispersive processing mode
The dispersive treatment mode is suitable for the decentralized layout, less developed economy and inconvenient transportation. The population density is less than or equal to 66 people /km2, the distance from the nearest county-level and above county-level cities is more than 20 kilometers, and more than 40% of the transportation roads between the cities are lower than the county level road standards, and the decentralized villages which carry out garbage classification are advocated after the separation. Organic waste is disposed locally and resourcefully.
2 classification of rural domestic waste
The classification of rural domestic garbage is the source of rural household garbage, which divides the garbage into four categories: organic waste, recyclable waste, non recyclable garbage and hazardous waste, to realize the classification of the source of domestic waste.
2.2 construction content
2.2.1 rural domestic garbage classification publicity materials: in order to make the countryside attach importance to the classification of living garbage and correct the classification of garbage, it is necessary to set up the corresponding garbage classification publicity board in the village and distribute the corresponding garbage classification propaganda materials, mainly including publicity board and brochure.
2.2.2 household garbage cans: in the classification process of rural household garbage households, each household is equipped with 2 garbage cans for organic and non recyclable garbage, and the capacity of the trash can be 6-8L.
2.2.3 recyclable wastes are disposed of by the villagers themselves, and hazardous wastes are carried out according to local hazardous waste disposal regulations.
2.3 investment estimate index
In the process of the classification of rural domestic waste, the farmers do not need to pay the related operating expenses in principle, but in order to improve the farmers' classification consciousness, every villager is trained once a year and the training cost is about 25-30 yuan per person year.
Table 1 investment reference standard for rural domestic waste classification projects
Note: the unit price of investment is determined according to the local actual market price, and the unit price and quantity are considered in the project budget.
3 collection of rural domestic waste
The collection of rural domestic garbage is the process of collecting garbage collection station / pool by the village related environmental cleaning personnel and using the special garbage collection car after the rural garbage collection is classified by the household garbage can be classified and put into the public garbage bin / tank / pool.
3.2 construction content
3.2.1 public garbage bin / tank / pool: for neighbouring farmers, public garbage cans / tanks / pools are set up in the village public places and laneways. The number of farmers is about 10 households, the service radius is about 50-100m, and the volume is 300 - 500L.
3.2.2 garbage collection station / pool: each village has 1 and more than 1 garbage collection stations, and the daily collection capacity of the refuse collection station is about 1 tons.
3.2.3 special garbage collection vehicle: a short distance transport vehicle used for collecting garbage in the village. The population of each vehicle is 500-600, and the garbage collection radius is less than 2km.
3.2.4 garbage cleaning tools: garbage collector's garbage collection tools, each special garbage collection vehicle equipped with 1 sets of garbage cleaning tools;
3.3 investment estimate index
Table 2 reference standard for investment in rural domestic waste collection projects
Note: the unit price of investment is determined according to the local actual market price, and the unit price and quantity are considered in the project budget.
The operation cost of the project is less than 0.5 t/d and the annual operation cost of the collection project is 0.72-0.96 ten thousand yuan. The operation cost of the processing capacity 0.5-1.0t/d collection project is 1.44-2.40 million yuan, the processing capacity is more than 1 t/d and the annual operation cost of the collection project is 2.16-24.0 10000 yuan.
4 rural domestic waste transport
The transportation of rural domestic garbage is the process of collecting garbage collection station / pool, packing, transporting to the municipal waste disposal site / factory or concentrating the waste disposal yard / factory by preprocessing. The construction of the project mainly includes the garbage transport container and the garbage transfer car, and the transport distance is more than 5km in the transfer process. Stations, in principle, need to set up a garbage compressing device suitable for garbage collection.
4.2 construction content
4.2.1 refuse transfer container: about 5-8m3 in volume, and the service population is less than or equal to 4000 people.
4.2.2 compression device: the construction of the compressing device and the garbage collection station (transport distance is greater than 5km), and the specific compression capacity is compatible with the garbage volume. For a transfer station with a daily processing capacity less than 5T, 1 sets of compression devices with a single compression capacity of about 5T are in principle, and a compression device with a daily compression capacity of 5t-30t is equipped with a daily compression capacity.
4.2.3 garbage transfer car: a special garbage transportation tool used in the transportation of village garbage. The service population of each truck is 3000-5000 people, the distance of service transportation is less than 20km, and the tonnage of the garbage transfer car is about 5T.
4.2.4 garbage transfer station: the village garbage within the surrounding 5km of the garbage disposal site is directly collected and transported into the field, and the garbage transfer station should be set up above 5km. The cover range of the garbage transfer station is generally within 5km, and the area is not less than 100m2, and it can meet the daily production of all the garbage.
4.3 investment estimate index
Table 3 reference standard for investment in rural domestic refuse transfer projects
Note: the refuse transfer station should be planned in an integrated way and shared by many villages.
The handling capacity is less than 5 t/d. The annual operating cost of the transhipment project is 3.54-6.62 million, and the annual handling cost of the 5-30t/d transshipment project is 14.35-153.37 million yuan.
5 Rural Domestic Waste Compost
The treatment of rural domestic waste compost is the process of aerobic fermentation of organic waste through the treatment of aerobic fermentation by microbes to make organic wastes stable and decayed, and the decomposed products are used in farmland or vegetable fields after reaching the national and local agricultural requirements. The rural garbage compost methods are divided into two kinds of yard composting and centralized composting, in which yard composting means that the villagers use a simple composting device for composting. The centralized composting system must have a proper scale, and the composting site is built in accordance with the engineering requirements of the standard composting plant. The functions of component fermentation, leachate and tail gas purification, product storage and processing are mainly included in the pre treatment site, fermentation field and composting equipment.
5.2 construction content 5.2.1 Pretreatment Project: the pretreatment site after the garbage enters the field is convenient for subsequent transportation, stacking and necessary pile up operation.
5.2.2 fermentation field: the site mainly used for the stacking of organic materials, including the first fermentation site, two fermentation sites and the stacking site of the decomposed products.
5.2.3 fertilizer plant: it is used to process the decomposed composting products by drying, crushing and granulation, forming granular or powdery organic fertilizer, then forming the finished organic fertilizer after bagging, and transporting it directly to the field head for application.
5.2.4 product storehouse: after processing, the finished product storehouse is set up according to the seasonal demand of agricultural organic manure and the limit of transportation time, which is mainly used to store the composting products.
5.2.5 composting equipment: all the mechanical equipment and systems involved in sorting and stacking in the aerobic composting plant.
5.3 investment estimate index
Table 4 total investment estimate of centralized composting project
The annual operation cost of the composting project is less than 5 t/d, and the annual running cost of the 5-45t/d composting project is 16-65 yuan. The operation capacity of the composting project is 12-16 yuan.
6 waste disposal of rural domestic waste
The disposal and disposal of rural domestic garbage should be used as far as the existing mature resource technology is used. In the process of living garbage disposal, besides using the composting treatment method, other technical methods can be adopted to realize the utilization of rural domestic waste resources. For example, a large number of biogas pools and life have been built, such as the promotion of better areas in the biogas pool. The treatment and utilization of pollutants is combined with the anaerobic fermentation of sewage, feces and waste, the utilization of methane energy and the agricultural utilization of biogas slurry and biogas residue in agriculture, and the technology of earthworm composting can be used in the main agricultural producing areas.
The price of the main equipment and materials used in the construction of the project adopts the market price and inquiry and quotation, the price of the material market is carried out according to the market price of the project where the project is located. The design fee is referenced to the charge standard for engineering investigation and design (Revised Edition 2002). The other cost of the project is referred to the investment estimation index of the municipal engineering of the Ministry of construction (construction standard  163. ), the Ministry of construction's municipal engineering investment estimate compilation method (construction bid  164), and "construction project bill of quantities valuation standard" (GB50500).
The afternoon of January 11th, Chongqing city Hot pot Association held an emergency meeting in the City Business Council conference room on the recent exposure of the Chongqing captain Hot pot North Street store to receive a one-time fee will Hot pot bottom, "hogwash oil" directly to end guests events bulletin, requires each member to strictly abide by the "food safety law", put an end to the use of Hot pot old oil.
In view of the continuous fermentation of the old oil event in the hot pot, Chongqing food and drug administration responded quickly. After that, Jiangbei District branch was arranged for investigation.
At noon on January 10th, Chongqing Jiangbei District food and drug administration organization of more than 10 law enforcement officers, joint public security departments of economic investigation was carried out to investigate the captain theme Hot pot North Street shop. At a moment in the afternoon, the reporter saw in the scene that there were two or three table guests in the hot pot restaurant, and the relevant departments were investigating. According to the staff at the Jiangbei District food and drug administration, they were informed by the Chongqing food and drug administration that they would cooperate with the police to investigate at the scene. Law enforcement personnel on-site inspection of the Hot pot shop Houchu store inventory storage oil and waste oil recycling and to record, cook and store employees were asked. Found that the use of hogwash oil "for businesses, we will be severely punished." The Department of food and Drug Administration in Jiangbei District said one of the leaders in charge of the field investigation.
Legal Evening News (reporter Hong Xue) the reporter view news from Beijing Dongcheng Urban Management Bureau, Beijing Dongcheng chased Chong law enforcement team launched the "special inspection of gas safety and use of kitchen garbage put" catering enterprises, according to the inspection found among debris piled up, the kitchen gas garbage and garbage mixed release phenomenon, law enforcement team immediately the request for rectification, eliminate safety hazards.
In January 10th, the reporter to follow the law enforcement officers went into a restaurant in the North Market Street in the restaurant in guiding the staff down to the one in the kitchen side of the small room. After inspecting the flammable gas concentration alarm, explosion-proof lamp, exhaust fan, dry powder extinguisher, fire blanket and maintenance record, the urban management and law enforcement officers were ready to leave. They found that there were two basins of kitchen leftovers behind the door, which were covered with a thick layer of oil.
According to the relevant regulations of gas management, the gas between the gas is strictly forbidden to store any sundries. On the spot, Zhang Leiming, a member of the urban management and law enforcement team, said that even if the facilities and facilities of the gas room were perfect, storing kitchen waste in the gas room would be a major safety hazard when faced with an emergency. As one of the functional departments, we are strict in checking gas, because gas is a flammable and explosive material. If it is misused, poorly managed and equipment and facilities exist, it will seriously harm people's lives and property safety. Zhang Leiming suggested that food and beverage enterprises must pay attention to the problem.
Security is no small matter, in the law enforcement, law enforcement officers to check the kitchen corner. In view of the problems found, the law enforcement officers were recorded one by one, and the "order for rectification" was issued, and the person in charge said they would start the rectification immediately. At the same time, city management and law enforcement officials also issued the "gas safety usage manual", like the restaurant heads, who asked the restaurant leaders to convey the knowledge in the handbook to every staff member to ensure the safe use of gas.
It is understood that since December 2017, Dongcheng urban management has inspected 1355 restaurants in the District, 17 filed on gas safety issues, fined 11060 yuan, and mixed food and kitchen waste issues, filed 13 cases, and fined 7000 yuan.
Legal Evening News News view original works to reject any form of deletion, view news reserves the right to pursue legal responsibilities.
In order to strengthen the management of kitchen waste, ensure food safety, food waste collection and transportation work started. After the special treatment of kitchen waste, the waste residue can generate electricity, and the waste oil can extract aviation kerosene, which not only improves the recycling rate of kitchen waste, but also effectively protects food safety.
Start the kitchen waste collection and transportation work to improve the waste recycling rate
The kitchen garbage collection for more than one year. At present, Jinghu district more than 300 large dining rooms, dining has been included in the collection, transportation and daily average volume of 25 tons, the quantity and quality and maintain the leading position in the city.
Kitchen waste is produced, commonly known as "swill" refers to people's daily life, food catering units for meals in the activities of food residual and waste edible oil. In order to strengthen the management of kitchen waste, improve the appearance and environmental sanitation, promote the collection and disposal of kitchen waste harmless standard, ensure food safety, starting in December 20, 2016, food waste collection and transportation work.
Jinghu District Sanitation in accordance with the unified arrangements of the city to actively promote, through site promotion, signed contracts, and the business organization transportation vehicles and transportation, in the shortest possible time so that the kitchen waste collection and transportation in an orderly manner. In December 20, 2016, Jinghu district started the canteen kitchen waste collection work; in 2017, and has started a large restaurant and food stalls of kitchen waste collection work.
In order to improve the efficiency of collection and transportation, October 2017, Jinghu District food waste collection and transportation market operation. Now, there are 4 major transportation vehicles along the lines of 6 day 13:00 to 24:00 for door-to-door collection, daily transportation capacity of 25 tons, 35-40 tons per day and arrange holidays, 1 vehicles special transportation KFC, McDonald's, Pizza Hut and other businesses of oil, oil daily closing 600 pounds.
In the kitchen waste collection and transportation, food waste has been collected and paid by suburban farmers as pig food, waste oil, let the criminals used to produce "drainage oil back to the table, causing great harm to food safety. For maximum containment "pig swill" and "drainage oil", Jinghu district sanitation is expanding the scope of the collection at the same time, the positive and the public service center squadron to carry out joint enforcement, illegal transportation. In 2017, a total of 6 times to carry out joint enforcement, illegal collection 8.
It is understood that after the disposal of food waste, the waste residue can generate electricity, and the waste oil can extract aviation kerosene, not only turning waste into treasure, but also effectively maintaining food safety. In 2018, Jinghu district sanitation of food stalls and other businesses catering kitchen garbage collection in order to carry out the work, and gradually achieve full coverage of kitchen waste collection and transportation.
The office of the provincial government before the introduction of "on Further Strengthening the implementation of the" opinions "drainage oil" management work. The opinion pointed out that we should actively promote the comprehensive utilization of the "Lanzhou model" experience in the comprehensive utilization of kitchen waste resources. In accordance with the copy can be extended to the principle of overall progress, and strive to achieve in the kitchen waste and "drainage oil" comprehensive collection and disposal. (a report on the six edition of the Lanzhou daily, January 10th)
Ingestion of gutter oil can cause obvious harm to the human body, light abdominal pain and diarrhea, long-term consumption will lead to developmental disorders, bowel cancer, stomach cancer, and so on. In recent years, various regions and relevant departments have increased the strength of the "gutter oil", and have achieved remarkable results. However, the long effect mechanism of "gutter oil" has not been effectively established, and the illegal crimes still occur.
Sports assault inspection is an important means to control "gutter oil": government departments act in a unified way to remove the black spots of recycling and refining "gutter oil". This kind of "encirclement and suppression" centralized regulation, although there are immediate results, but it is difficult to get out of the "one tube is effective, a loose on the flood" of the circle. The practice has proved that it is very important to eliminate the flow of "gutter oil" to the table and carry out the comprehensive treatment of ring and ring. No matter when and where, against the "drainage oil" efforts are not reduced, the "drainage oil" strict management and strictly control the string not loose.
Now, the "Lanzhou model" of the comprehensive utilization of kitchen waste resources has accumulated a lot of valuable experience. In recent years, Lanzhou City, the whole kitchen waste collection and transportation system for the effective protection of the food safety problem of city residents, put an end to the kitchen waste oil flows into the illegal channels, in the "drainage oil", "pig swill" governance breakthrough; more important is to reduce the pollution and harm to the environment, the ecological environment of the city continuous improvement. We still have a lot of follow-up work to be done after the "gutter oil" process is extended to the stage of equipment manufacturing. The implementation opinion issued by the provincial government office is not only clear the key point of governance and popularization, but also points out the prospect for the governance of the "waste oil" problem. It is expected to consolidate the efforts of social co governance, thoroughly eradicate the problem of "dirty oil", and ensure the safety of people's catering.
Even if there is a series of comprehensive policies and measures, we can't forget the "drainage oil" governance is the responsibility of everyone. Everyone should change the unhealthy food and beverage habits, how much to eat, eat less fried food, and do not waste on the table. We should also fully understand the harm of "waste oil" to the human body, and form the whole society to put an end to the "dirty oil" atmosphere, so that criminals can not find "cracks" and implement illegal activities.
In a word, as long as we take out the policy of comprehensive governance and the determination to make efforts to promote it, I believe that the problem of "gutter oil" will be thoroughly governed.